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Who is the god of Herakleopolis (Hnes)?
Hery-shaf, he who is on top of his lake, ram headed god with southern crown
What happened to Egypt in the 1st intermediate period?
The north and south split. Osiris becomes a popular god.
Besides Osiris, who else is an important god of this time?
Ra-Horakhty, (Ra-horus the horizony, double horizon)
What are Osiris' two lesser known names and what do they mean?
Wenna-nefer (the one who was created perfectly) and Khenty-Amentiu (foremost of the westerners), khenty means in front.
How does Nut give birth?
Thoth gambles the moon for time by winning games of Senet with it, he adds five non-month days to the calendar.
How does Seth get rid of Osiris?
Makes a box with his dimensions and offers it to the gods if any can fit within, nails Osiris inside and floats it down the river.
What happened between Osiris and Nephthys?
She disguised herself as Isis and the two made Anubis, Isis finds him and takes care of this 'orphan' and Anubis becomes her guardian.
Isis becomes a what at when to look for Osiris?
A kite at night, in the day she takes care of the queens son and tries to make him immortal by burning his mortal parts away.
Who finds the body of Osiris after Isis?
Seth, he cuts it into 14 pieces and scatters them across Egypt.
Supposedly Isis while looking for O's parts...
Has a separate burial for each, brings all the parts back together except for one so she makes a new one and consecrates it, creates Horus from this.
Osiris became popular because...
During the split in the 1st intermediate period, the system of afterlife fell apart due to kings not getting in, he became popular due to the democritization of the after life, now everyone (not specifically subjects) had a chance at life after death.
When was relatively the last pyramid with text?
The queens tomb in the 6th dynasty (tiny period in 8th with it)
What does Osiris represent?
The cycle of agriculture or life. When the flood comes in for the crops it is like Osiris is returning from the dead, life death and rebirth, he is Kemet
How is Auf like Osiris?
He is pictured with Isis and Nephthys, he is born then dies and comes back again, that is why Ra is said to be in Osiris (the cycle of the sun)
Where is Um-el-ga'ab and what does it mean?
Subsection of tombs in Abydos where the 1st and 2nd dynasty rulers lye. It means mother of pots.
What does the sacred fetish of Abydos look like?
A staff with a crown on it and a round container. Horus and Isis stand next to it in picture.
Chest of Osiris was carried away by what body of water?
The tanitic mouth, still hated by egyptians in plutarchs time
What does Kopto mean in Greek?
Cut or strike. With Isis she is cut off from Osiris, hence why the place is called Koptos
Egyptians believed children...
Have an aptitude for prophecy, the try to divine the future with children's words
Osiris believes Horus is ready to fight Seth when...
He asks him which animal would be best for battle, instead of a lion Horus tells him a horse would be best, an enemy can't escape a horse.
When Isis allows Seth to go, Horus...
Tears the diadem from isis' head, Thoth gives her a cow-shaped crown to wear instead.
Herakleopolis was important when and also called what?
Major city during the 1st intermediate period and it was also called In-hnasya
Why is the throne important to egyptians?
The throne creates the king, it transfers the power of the dead king to the living king.
How does picture show Isis mating with Osiris?
She's in kite form over his mummified body with an erection
What does cippus depict?
naked horus standing atop two crocodiles and holding a snake in his hand, it represents power over dangerous and poisonous animals
What is significance of a side-lock?
Egyptian boys grew them on one side of their heads until they were considered adults.
What does Isis do when Horus is poisoned?
She gets Selkis to come, she tells Isis to get the sun god to stop his barque so time will stand still.
What other story does the Stela describe?
Isis has 7 magic scorpions, they sting child of delta woman who shut the door on Isis, gods come down to heal child like Horus and all like him will be healed.
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