history over Agustus

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parician
the wealthy landowner class -non class-
plebian
the poor class- artisans, shopkeepers, small farm owners and couldn't be in public office
consul
one of hte top 2 goverment officials in Rome
senate
these people could propose laws, hold debates, construct building programs
Assembly of Centuries
elected officials
veto
"I forbid" consuls could veto
praetor
job was to interpret the law and act as judges in court
dictator
controlers that had absolute power
carthage
place that was a major trading center
Cannae
place where Hanibal beat Roman
Zama
place hat Scipios troops defende the carthinigan- Rome had to give land to carthage
12 Tables
Roman system of political laws
Law of Nations
Principles of justice
Scipio
Roman person that invaded Carthage
Hannibal
Carthage general that was sent to punish tome in 218 WHICH STARTED THE 2ND PUNIC WAR
carthage and rome
all punic wars were between
latifundia
large estates
triumvirate
a political alliance of 3 people
Rubicon
the river that Ceaser crossed to start the civil war with POMPEY------ ceaser won battle
Octavian/Agustus
ceasers grandnephew, he changed the roman goverment into a republican form, conquered lands, and was the emperor of Rome during the PAX ROMANA
Cierco
a ploitical leader, writer, great public speaker, he called for a representitive government wiht limited powers
julious ceaser
weakened the senate to gain absolute power over Rome, started the civil war that ruined the republic
Pax Romana
the long time under Agustus/Octavian that was full of peace and prosperity
Agustus
person that built the Praetorian Guard,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,he conquered new terrirories,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, built palaces,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,had to rule a very large population
caligula
the emperor after Tiberous,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,he treated people cruelty,,,,,,,,,,,,,,put his horse consul
Nero
the emperor after Caligula,,,,,,,,,,he killed people,,,,,,,,,,,,,,commited suicide
5 emperors
Nerva,,,,,,,,Trajan,,,,,,,,,Hadrian,,,,,,,,,,,,,,Antoninus Pius,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Marcus Aurelius--------------agrculture, trade, and standard of the living rose FLOURSHED
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