11 terms

Learning Theory

STUDY
PLAY
Unconditioned stimulus (US)
an event or thing that elicits a reflexive response (automatic)
Unconditioned response (UR)
Response that is automatically produced by the stimulus
Conditional stimulus (CS)
An initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned response after being associated with an unconditioned stimulus.
Classical conditioning
The process by which a neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus without the role of choice by the subject. (subject=passive) Palov & Watson
Operant conditioning
The process by which a response becomes more likely to occur or less so, depending on its consequences (rewards and punishments; subject can make choices to influence the result). Key=consequences
Reinforcement
The process by which a stimulus or event strengthens the response or makes it more likely to occur.
Reinforcer
strengthens a behavior
Reward
gives subject pleasure; reinforce or increases behavior
Positive reinforcement
A reinforcement procedure in which a response is followed by the increase in intensity of a reinforcing stimulus; as a result, the response becomes stronger or more likely to occur. (a pleasant consequence makes a response more likely)
Negative reinforcement
A reinforcement procedure in which a response is followed by the removal, delay, or decrease in intensity of an unpleasant stimulus; as a result, the response becomes stronger or more likely to occur. (something unpleasant is removed to make a response more likely)
Conditioned Response (CR)
A response that is elicited by a conditioned stimulus; it occurs after the conditioned stimulus is associated with an unconditioned stimulus.