First king of India. Title of a few Indian kings. Carried to India by a flood
The Khyber Pass
In central Asia, a gap in the Northern Mountains (32 mile long pass)
Ganga (Ganges River)
Major river, the two rivers that formed the Indus Valley Civilization
In the northwest, flows through India
Harrapan city (possibly most powerful), traded with Ur, located on the Ravi River, city in the Indus Valley Civilization
Harrapan city, south, located on the Indus River, "mounds of the dead"
Harrapan city, capital of the southern providence, port city
Indo-European pastoral nomadic group who invaded India, made the Vedas, gambling, horsemanship, and fighting, migrated from Russia
One of the strongest Aryan tribes
India; named after the Bharatas tribe
Named after the Vedas, 1500-1000 BCE
A four book collection of sacred texts by the Aryans
Veda (literal definition)
Section in the Vedas
Tribes with land
Sage/god, impregnates the queens two daughters, takes on two forms: Arjuna and Vyasa
Arjuna- Middle brother of the Pandavas, known for his might, skilled in archery
Story of a great civil war among several Aryan tribes, Indian epic, longest epic, Pandavas vs. Kauravas
Named after the two epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana, 1000-500 BCE
Famous section of the Mahabharata, means "song of the lord", conversation between Arjuna and Krishna about dharma (duty)
Greek ambassador, wrote on Brahmins
A cosmic man, parts of his body became the world- the head was where the Brahmins came from,
The dry plateau below the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges
The state below the curve of the Ganga
Priests that were responsible for the rituals and maintaining the cultural tradition
Rulers and warriors
Traders, farmers, craftsmen
Servants (served the twice-born)
Four varnas: kshatriyas, Brahmins, vaishyas, and shudras
Allowed to wear the sacred thread and participate in special religious rituals and promised an afterlife in heaven
16 kingdoms, "great tribes with land"
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