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36 terms

Ancient India Study Guide 1

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Manu
First king of India. Title of a few Indian kings. Carried to India by a flood
The Khyber Pass
In central Asia, a gap in the Northern Mountains (32 mile long pass)
Ganga (Ganges River)
Major river, the two rivers that formed the Indus Valley Civilization
Indus River
In the northwest, flows through India
Harrapa
Harrapan city (possibly most powerful), traded with Ur, located on the Ravi River, city in the Indus Valley Civilization
Mohenjo-Daro
Harrapan city, south, located on the Indus River, "mounds of the dead"
Lothal
Harrapan city, capital of the southern providence, port city
Aryans
Indo-European pastoral nomadic group who invaded India, made the Vedas, gambling, horsemanship, and fighting, migrated from Russia
Bharatas
One of the strongest Aryan tribes
Bharat
India; named after the Bharatas tribe
Vedic Age
Named after the Vedas, 1500-1000 BCE
Vedas
A four book collection of sacred texts by the Aryans
Arya
Pure or noble
Rajas
Chief
Maharajas
Great chief
Veda (literal definition)
Knowledge
Rig Veda
Section in the Vedas
Janapada
Tribes with land
Krishna
Sage/god, impregnates the queens two daughters, takes on two forms: Arjuna and Vyasa
Arjuna
Arjuna- Middle brother of the Pandavas, known for his might, skilled in archery
Mahabharata
Story of a great civil war among several Aryan tribes, Indian epic, longest epic, Pandavas vs. Kauravas
Epic Age
Named after the two epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana, 1000-500 BCE
Vira
Herioc Warrior
Bhagavad Gita
Famous section of the Mahabharata, means "song of the lord", conversation between Arjuna and Krishna about dharma (duty)
Megasthenes
Greek ambassador, wrote on Brahmins
Purusha
A cosmic man, parts of his body became the world- the head was where the Brahmins came from,
Deccan
The dry plateau below the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges
Magadha
The state below the curve of the Ganga
Brahmins
Priests that were responsible for the rituals and maintaining the cultural tradition
Kshatriyas
Rulers and warriors
Vaishyas
Traders, farmers, craftsmen
Shudras
Servants (served the twice-born)
Varnas
Four varnas: kshatriyas, Brahmins, vaishyas, and shudras
Twice Born
Allowed to wear the sacred thread and participate in special religious rituals and promised an afterlife in heaven
Jana
Tribe
Mahajanapada
16 kingdoms, "great tribes with land"