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23 terms

Middle East People/Groups

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Muhammad
the man who Muslims believe was the last prophet
Sunni
a branch of the Islam religion, most popular
Shiah or Shiite
a branch of the Islam religion, least popular
Allah
the Muslim name of God
Muslims
the people who practice Islam
Jews
the people who practice Judaism
Christians
the people who practice Christianity
Zionist
A Jew who moved away because of the anti-Semitism
Arabs
traveling people who lived throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia/Middle East, first followers of Islam
Persians
Indo-European who lived in now what is called Iran, one of the largest empires of the world
Palestinians
An inhabitant of the ancient land of palestine
Allies
The enemy of the Central Powers in World War I. Included Great Britain, France, and Russia
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
Ottoman Empire
Empire created when the Ottoman Turks conquered the Byzantine Empire
United Nations
a peacekeeping body that all Nations signed, or the UN
"Sick Man of Europe"
A nickname for the Ottoman Empire
Saddam Hussein
- Was a dictator in Iraq who tried to take over Iran and Kuwait violently in order to gain the land and the resources. He also refused to let the UN into Iraq in order to check if the country was secretly holding weapons of mass destruction.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
current president of iran
Ayatollah
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
Osama bin Laden
mastermind between 9/11 attacks. Leader of Al Qaida(in Afghanistan)
Hamas
terrorist group, current government in the West Bank
Hezbollah
A Shia Lebanese extremist organization started by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Taliban
a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996