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63 terms

Rehabilitation I - Reading professional literature

STUDY
PLAY
Past personal experience
what are sources of knowledge for literature
Objective evidence (research)
what are sources of knowledge for literature
Experts in the field
what are sources of knowledge for literature
That's how its always been done (history)
what are sources of knowledge for literature
Applied research
what has immediate functional application
Basic research
what is aimed at acquiring new knowledge for curiosity's sake
Independent variables
what is the type of treatment in an experiment
Dependent variable
what is the result of a change in an experiment
To establish cause and effect
what is the goal of experimental research
Case studies
what involves one person or group. Records what happened
Case studies
what is another name for anecdotal evidence
Developmental Research
what is studies that show how chacteristics/behaviors change with age, growth or maturation
Longitudinal Studies
what follows one person or group over a long period of time
Normative Research
what is used to determine standards or norms
Qualitative Research
what studies about complex behavior or psychology
Correlation Research
what attempts to determine whether a relationship exists between 2 variables and to what degree
Correlation Research
what cannot establish cause and effect
Correlational coefficient
what equals measurement of relationship between variables
-1.0 to 1.0
what does correlational coefficient range from
0
what is no correlation
close to 1.0
what is strong direct relationship (as one goes up the other goes up)
close to -1.0
what is strong indirect relationship (as one goes up the other goes down)
Hypothesis
what is a statement of the potential relationship between variables
Null Hypothesis
what predicts that there is no relationship between variables
Theory
what is a statement of relationship between variables which has been verified to some extent
Law
what is a theory that has reached a level of unwavering consistency
Control
what is it when the researcher attempts to limit the effect of multiple variables, to look at the effect of the indep variable on the depend variable; an attempt to simplify the research problem
Experimental Group
what is a group that gets the treatment being tested
Control Group
what is a group that gets the placebo or standard treatment
Validity
what is the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to measure
Placebo effect
what are threats to Validity
Sampling bias or too small of a sample
what are threats to Validity
Experimenter bias
what are threats to Validity
Lack of experimental control
what are threats to Validity
Hawthorne effect
what are threats to Validity
Placebo effect
what works because you think it does
Sampling bias or too small of a sample
what is it when groups differ on certain variables from the start
Experimenter bias
what is it when the expected outcome influences the result
Lack of experimental control
what is it when reserchers failed to account for variables that could have influenced the results (confounding variables)
Hawthorne effect
what is it when the subjects knowledge of the experiment influences the result
Double Blind Study
what is it when both the subjects & researchers are unaware of group assignments
Double Blind Study
what helps eliminate many threats to validity
Gold Standard
what is something with established validity that can be used to measure the validity of something else
Reliablility
what is the degree of consistency of a test
Interrater reliability
what is between two people to get the same answer
Intrarater reliability
what is the ability of one person to get the same answer with repeated tests
Measurement errors
what are threats to reliability
Recording errors (documentation)
what are threats to reliability
Lack of a standardized method
what are threats to reliability
Sensitivity
what is a test's ability to identify who does have a disorder
Negatives
good sensitivity = few false what
Sensitivity
0.90 means that test identifies 90% of the people who have a disorder
Specificity
what is a test's ability to correctly identify who does not have a disorder
Positives
good specificity = few false what
Specificity
0.90 means that 90% of the positive tests are correct
Letter
what is something that anyone can write their own opinon
Editorial
what is something that someone the group choose to have write
Case Study
what is anectodotal evidence
Clinical Trial
what is testing in the clinic
Randomized Controlled Trial
what are groups called
Review
what is a summary of what many studies say about a topic
Meta-Analysis
what is the best type of Journal article
Meta-Analysis
what is a review that considers each studies reliability and validity to determine the strength of evidence