IDLA US History 10A Module 4 Test
Terms in this set (121)
What state is James Madison's Montpelier Estate in?
What country did the U.S. acquire the Louisiana Territory from in 1803?
What did the Louisiana Purchase do to the size of America?
The power of the Judicial Branch to deem the actions of the executive and legislative branches unconstitutional is...
Who made the appointment of 16 "midnight judges"?
What was The Judiciary Act of 1801?
one of the final laws passed by Adams and the Federalist-controlled Congress, created sixteen new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. angered Republicans.
Which supreme court case set the principal of Judicial Review?
Marbury versus Madison
What is the name of James Madison's Estate?
Who was the fourth President of the United States?
Why did America declare war on Britain in 1812 (3 reasons)?
British impressment of American sailors. Americans hoped to expand into Canada. British inciting of Native Americans on American settlers.
No one, not even the French, new the boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase when it was made. True or False?
American's obeyed the Embargo of 1807 out of a feeling of patriotism. True or False?
False. Americans began smuggling goods through the southern and northern border instead of obeying the Jefferson's Embargo.
What was the "Mosquito Fleet"?
small boats with one gun
The vote in Congress to declare war on Britain in 1812 was a partisan (by political party lines) vote. True or False?
True. Every Federalist in Congress voted against declaring war, but the Republicans outnumbered them, so war was declared.
Was The Battle of New Orleans fought before or after the Treaty of Ghent was signed?
After. Because communication was slow, the Battle of New Orleans was fought after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed. The Treaty was signed on Christmas Eve 1814 and the Battle was fought on January 8, 1815. Neither side knew that a treaty had been reached.
Jefferson's Embargo was highly unpopular and the Federalist Party began to make a resurgence as voters eyed the upcoming election. True or False?
True! It is believed that if Jefferson had been running in the election of 1809 he would have lost because of the embargo. It was repealed it just 3 days before he left office.
Who was the last Federal President?
John Adams. The party slowly lost its political clout and dissolved by 1830.
Who was the first President to reside in Washington D.C. full time?
Who shot first, Aaron Burr or Alexander Hamilton?
Alexander Hamilton shot first and missed. Aaron Burr shot second and hit Hamilton in his liver. Alexander Hamilton died the next day.
What act did President John Adams commit that most likely cost him the chance of re-election?
Negotiating with France and seeking peace. Adams broke from his party's platform to negotiate with France. His decision to bypass war and seek peace divided the Federalist Party and most likely cost him the chance of re-election.
In the election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson appealed to all of the following EXCEPT:
Aristocrats. Thomas Jefferson refused to mudsling in the election of 1800. Instead he took his appeals to the laborers, farmers, shopkeepers, and common people relating to them to earn their vote.
Which amendment requires separate balloting in the Electoral College?
Who was the third president of the United States of America?
The election of 1800 was historical because...
It was the first election decided by the House of Representatives. It resulted in a tie. It's results transferred power from one party to another in an orderly fashion.
Which state was the most important swing state in the Election of 1800?
What President slashed Army and Navy expenditures,
repealed the Whiskey Tax, and reduced the national debt by a third?
Hamiltonian Federalists believed in all of the following EXCEPT:
limited rights for states.
a full democracy.
promoting a strong central government.
the country being run by the wealthy and affluent.
a full democracy. Those who shared most of Hamilton's political opinions, called Hamiltonian Federalists, promoted a strong central government and limited rights for states. They supported private enterprise and believed government should protect the lives and wealth of affluent citizens.
Thomas Jefferson's Vice President was?
What does the twelfth amendment do?
Revises presidential election procedures making the President and Vice President separate ballots.
Before Marbury v Madison, what branch of the government was weaker than the others?
Judicial Branch was weaker than the Executive and Legislative Branches. The Constitution does not spell out the powers of the Judicial Branch. The concept of Judicial Review as established in Marbury v Madison gave the Judicial Branch its power and leveled the powers of each branch.
The Supreme Court ruled in Marbury v Madison that Madison had to give Marbury his commission as a judge.
True or False?
False. In his decision, Justice Marshall states that Madison should give Marbury his commission, but that he does not have to because the Supreme Court had no jurisdiction, or right, to rule on this case.
The idea of Judicial Review is credited to whom?
John Marshall. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled on Marbury v Madison. He is the person seen as responsible for the idea of Judicial Review. His decision played a key role in making the Executive branch on par with the Legislative and Executive branches.
Why was Judge Marshall's decision so important to the future of American politics?
Marshall's decision established that the Supreme Court held the authority to determine whether federal laws are unconstitutional.
During the Napoleonic Wars, which country impressed American sailors?
The act or policy of seizing people or property for public service or use is known as...
How did the Embargo of 1807 support or challenge Jefferson's political beliefs?
The Embargo of 1807 challenged Jefferson's political beliefs because it was an attack on American civil rights and liberties. Jefferson was a strong advocate and defender of those in the past. However, his embargo made it so colonists couldn't trade with other countries and American ships couldn't leave port. He must have known it was wrong because he said that he respected the states that fought him and the embargo, especially Massachusetts. Self government was an ideal Jefferson respected, but the Embargo of 1807 went against it.
What river were Lewis and Clark charged to explore in seeking a route to the Pacific Ocean?
Lewis and Clark's group of explorers were called what?
Corps of Discovery
What was an object that was a symbol recognized by both the American Indians and the explorers as a sign of peace?
Peace Medal. Peace Medals were produced specifically for the Lewis and Clark expedition. They depict Jefferson on one side and a crossed peace pipe and axe over a white man on the other. They were given to Indian Chiefs along the expedition to promote good relations
"Great joy in camp we are in View of the Ocean, this great Pacific Ocean which we been So long anxious to See. And the roaring or noise made by the waves braking on the rockery Shores (as I Suppose) may be heard distinctly."--William Clark, November 7, 1805
Where was William Clark when he wrote these words in his journal?
Which country did the United States purchase Florida from?
What was the name of the fort Lewis and Clark established at the Pacific Ocean?
Which Native American Tribe was Sacajawea from?
Which member of the Corp of Discovery was President Jefferson's personal secretary?
Which member of the Corp of Discovery was a veteran army officer?
Minister to France who was a key player in the Louisiana Purchase.
U.S. President who used diplomacy to acquire the Louisiana Territory
Ambassador to France who later became President of the U.S.
Who was the 4th
President of the US?
Which Act eliminated all restrictions on commerce with France and England?
Macon's Bill No. 2. It also stated that if either France or England revoked its sanctions against the U.S., America would re-establish its embargo against the other nation.
Which battle with the Shawnee pushed them to join forces with the British?
Battle of Tippecanoe
Many Americans believed that the British were encouraging and helping Native Americans to attack American settlers. True or False?
True. Relations with England continued to deteriorate when many Americans, mostly those located in the western territory, accused the British of inciting Indian resistance.
Chief Tecumseh was the leader of which Indian tribe?
Leader of the Shawnee who joined forces with the British against American Settlers.
Which country revoked their sanctions first after Macon's Bill No. 2?
How tall was James Madison?
This man is the author of the "Star Spangled Banner."
Francis Scott Key
John C. Calhoun was a leader of which group?
Who was the first president to declare war?
All of the American sailors who had been taken by impressment were found to be British citizens. True or False?
Why were the British using impressment on American sailors?
They needed man power to fight the Napoleonic Wars
Francis Scott Key penned the words to the "Star Spangled Banner" after witnessing which Battle?
Who won the Battle of Fort McHenry?
The United States
The Native American Chief Tecumseh was killed in which battle?
Battle of the Thames
Which ship did the USS Constitution capture off the coast of Nova Scotia?
Who was involved with the Hartford Convention?
radical New England Federalists
This man was the commanding General who helped bring victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
Which section of the country did not support the War of 1812?
North-East. North-Eastern Federalists still considered Britain to be a good partner in business (trading) and did not want to go to war against them. They also knew that the British Navy was the largest in the world and that America's Navy would be dwarfed by them.
In what country was the Treaty of Ghent signed?
When was the Treaty of Ghent signed?
December 24, 1814
The burning of Washington was in retaliation for which Battle?
Battle of York
In the election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson appealed to?
Another name for the "mosquito fleet" was...
The Embargo of 1807 did what?
stopped all American exports
Which two men were charged with purchasing New Orleans?
Livingston and Monroe
Who did Dolley Madison write a letter to on the day Washington D.C. was burned?
The name of Thomas Jefferson's estate in Virginia was?
Who decided the Election of 1800?
House of Representatives
requires separate balloting in the Electoral College for president and vice president. The amendment was ratified in 1804.
Vice-President to Thomas Jefferson. Shot and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
•Charles C. Pickney
candidate for Vice-President in the Election of 1800 for the Federalist Party.
the "commoners" Jefferson spoke of were educated white males who owned property. The illiterate and landless, he believed, could not self-govern.
•Corps of Discovery
team of 48 qualified men who accompanied Lewis and Clark on their exploratory journey.
•Election of 1800
included Republicans Jefferson and Aaron Burr and Federalists Adams and Charles C. Pinckney as candidates for president and vice president, respectively. This election produced the first orderly transfer of power from one party to another.
•Embargo Act of 1807
stopped all exports of American goods in the effort to make France and England stop seizing American boats and work with the U.S.; the embargo actually did more harm than good because American farmers and manufacturers had no outlets to sell their goods.
members of the Federalist Party who followed Alexander Hamilton. They believed in a strong central government and limited rights for states. They also were afraid of a full democracy letting the masses run government.
the act or policy of seizing people or property for public service or use.
one of the men commissioned by Jefferson to negotiate the purchase of New Orleans.
Chief Justice for the Supreme Court who ruled on Marbury v Madison. He is the person seen as responsible for the idea of Judicial Review. His decision played a key role in making the Judicial branch on par with the Legislative and Executive branches.
the power of the Judicial Branch to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches and deem them unconstitutional.
•Lewis and Clark
explorers sent by Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Territory; over 16 months traveled all the way to the Pacific Ocean and back.
•Marbury v Madison
(1803) was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review.
Thomas Jefferson's estate in Virginia. He later died here on July 4, 1826.
also known as "Jeffs", these undersized boats were fast but featured just one gun
Intercourse Act - (1809) replaced the failed Embargo Act of 1807 and reopened trade with all nations except Britain and France.
produced specifically for the Lewis and Clark expedition, depicts Jefferson on one side and a crossed peace pipe and axe over a white man on the other. They were given to Indian Chiefs along the expedition to promote good relations.
British Federalists - members of the Federalist Party who continued to embrace Loyalist sentiments and favored trade agreements with England.
lead by Thomas Jefferson; advocated a weak central government with individual states holding the most power.
minister to France; one of the men who negotiated the purchase of the Louisiana Purchase.
16-year-old Shoshone woman who served as a guide and interpreter for Lewis and Clark.
•The Louisiana Purchase
in 1803 the U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory from France and nearly doubled the size of the nation.
French trapper who served as an interpreter for Lewis and Clark; married to Sacajawea.
one of Adams's midnight judge appointees; he was not given his commission by James Madison and sued for it to be delivered.
sister to Dolley Madison; the Madison's live with her after the White House is burned.
•Battle of New Orleans
(January 8, 1815) most decisive American victory led by General Andrew Jackson. This battle was fought after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed but before either side knew about it.
•Battle of the Thames
(October 5, 1813) American troops invaded Canada and defeated the British Troops and Native Americans they were fighting with; Chief Tecumseh is killed.
•Battle of Tippecanoe
battle between the Shawnee and an Indiana militia.
•Burning of Washington
(August 1814) in retaliation for the burning of York, British troops burn most Government buildings.
Shawnee Chief who led his tribe on raids against the white "invaders." Joined forces with the British after the Battle of Tippecanoe.
popular wife of President James Madison; saved several historical artifacts from the white house before it is burned.
(September 13-14, 1814) British troops tried to take Fort McHenry in Baltimore, MD, after a night of bombardment on the Fort the Americans withstood the attack. This battle is the inspiration for our national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner."
•Francis Scott Key
author of "The Star Spangled Banner"; Key snuck aboard a British ship just before the battle at Fort McHenry broke out. In the morning he penned the words for what would become our National Anthem.
the meeting of radical New England Federalists who considered seceding from the Union
War Hawk leader from Kentucky and Speaker of the House.
•John C. Calhoun
War Hawk leader from South Carolina; he would later become Vice-President.
•Macon's Bill No. 2
replaced the Non-Intercourse Act; eliminated all restrictions on commerce with France and England. It also stated that if either France or England revoked its sanctions against the U.S., America would re-establish its embargo against the other nation.
a belief, creed or political ideology that involves a mode of identification with individual persons and a nation.
•Treaty of Ghent
(December 24, 1814) treaty written in Belgium that ended the War of 1812; called for both the British and Americans to quit fighting and return conquered territory.
(August 19, 1812) American ship who defeated and captured the British warship HMS Guerriere.
new Republican leaders who were intent on defending America's honor. They pushed Madison to declare war with Britain.
•War of 1812
(1812-1815) began over American concerns about British kidnapping of sailors (impressment) and trade restrictions, among other factors; militarily a draw but viewed as a victory by the U.S.