20 terms

unit 13

abstruse (ab struse')
adj. extremely difficult to understand

s. esoteric, arcane, recondite, occult
a. simple, straightforward
affront (a ffront')
n. an open or intentional insult; a slight
v. to insult to one's face; to face in defiance, confront

s. offense, offend
a. compliment, praise
canard (ca nard')
n. a false rumor, fabricated story

s. hoax
captious (cap' tious)
adj. excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up

s. faultfinding, nit-picking, carping
a. uncritical
cognizant (cog' ni zant)
adj. aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction

s. conscious, acquainted
a. unaware, unconscious, oblivious
contrite (con trite')
adj. regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent

s. remorseful, rueful
a. unrepentant, unapologetic, impenitent
cynosure (cy' no sure)
n. the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct

s. focus
decorous (dec' or ous)
adj. well behaved, dignified, socially proper

s. seemly, becoming, tasteful
a. unseemly, unbecoming, improper, tasteless
v. to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something; to condescend

s. deem, stoop
desiccated (des' i ccated)
adj. part. thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting

s. dehydrated, shriveled, parched
a. sodden, soggy, waterlogged, drenched
efficacy (eff' i ca cy)
n. the power to produce a desired result

s. effectiveness, potency, reliability
a. ineffectiveness, impotence
engender (en gen' der)
v. to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence, assume form

s. beget, generate, cause, form
a. stop, deter
ethereal (e ther' e al)
adj. light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly (rather than earthbound)

s. heavenly, celestial, gossamer
a. infernal, hellish, thick, heavy
facade (fa cade')
n. the front or face of a building; a surface appearance (as opposed to what may lie behind)

s. exterior, surface, mask, pretense
a. interior
ghoulish (ghoul' ish)
adj. revolting in an unnatural or morbid way; suggestive of someone who robs graves or otherwise preys on the dead

s. fiendish, barbarous, monstrous
incongruous (in con' gru ous)
adj. not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible

s. discordant, jarring
a. compatible, harmonious, consistent
machination (mach i na' tion)
n. a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end

s. plot, scheme, maneuver
mesmerize (mes' mer ize)
v. to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch
opprobrium (o ppro' bri um)
n. disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach

s. infamy, dishonor, odium, shame
a. acclaim, honor, glory, renown
putative (pu ta' tive)
adj. generally regarded as such; reputed; hypothesized, inferred

s. supposed, presumed
a. known, corroborated, confirmed