belief in one god
Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from the Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of what?
Who believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by a class of "philosopher kings"?
the requirement that govt. actions must adhere to the law
Read the following exerpt from Aristotle: He who trusts any man with supreme power gives it to a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire... What feature of modern Western democratic govt. reflects Aristotle's views as given above?
Individual achievement, dignity, and worth are of great importance.
Which of the following is a concept from classical Athens that is central to Western political thought today?
laws maintain the stability of the nation.
...for the administration of justice.... is the principle of order in political society. - Aristotle, Politics From Aristotle's statement, it can be inferred that
United States Constitution
From the Constitution of Japan We, the Japanese people, acting through our duly elected representatives in the National Diet, determined that we shall secure for ourselves and our posterity the fruits of peaceful cooperation with all nations and the blessings of liberty throughout this land... Which of these is a source for the ideas outlined in the Japanese Constitution?
Separation of powers.
When a country's constitution requires the branches of govt. to remain independent of each other, it is adhering to the constitutional principle of
natural laws that should be protected by the govt.
The English philosopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are
...all men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights, of which when they enter into a state of society, they cannot, by any compact, deprive or divest their posterity; namely, the enjoyment of live and liberty, with the means of acquiring and possessing property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety. - Virginia Declaration of Rights, 1776 WHich philosopher's ideas were the basis for this quotation from the Virginia Declaration of Rights?
protect the rights of the people.
Both the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man emphasized the idea that governments must