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a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgements and solve problems efficiently.
judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes.
a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
the tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgements.
the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning. sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid.
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
drawing conclusions about all members of a category based on a few members.
from specific to general
drawing conclusions about individual items based on the general characteristics of the group.
from General to Specific
measure acedemic (verbal & math) aptitude- comprehension, direction, adapt, self evaluate
the ability to understand and adapt to environment using a combo of inherented and learned.
underlies specific mental ability, measured by every task of an intelligence test.
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing.
the behavior a test is designed to predict; thus the measure used in defining whether the test has predictive validity. (the SAT)
a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.
a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup.
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