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Art Elements and Principles

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Line
The path left by a moving point. Can be physically represented in an artwork or can be visual references to space.
Tone (Value)
The degree of lightness or darkness of aspects of an artwork, such as colour or light.
Texture
The surface quality of an artwork. It can be either real or implied.
Shape
A two-dimensional area that can be drawn or cut. It can be organic or geometric.
Form
An element of art that is three-dimensional.
Colour
Primary, secondary, tertiary
Space
When an artist arranges the art elements in an artwork, they create the artwork in _______.
Composition
Arrangement or cobination of the design elements.
Balance
Affects the composition of an artwork and the combinations of different elements in the work. It can be symmetrical or asymmetrical.
Movement
May be created through patterns (repetition of line and shape). The repetition established a rhythm within an artwork, creating this element.
Rhythm
Repetition of elements in an artwork creates this. Encourages the viewers eye to move around the artwork.
Contrast
Refers to the use of opposing elements to create interest. This can be through colour, tone, line or any other element. Can create a focal point in an artwork.
Emphasis
Main area of an artwork. (focal point) Artist arranges/uses certain elements to draw attention of the viewer to an area of the artwork.
Unity
Achieved in an artwork when all the elements work together to create a strong sense of connection in the artwork.