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31 terms

Part Three: Earth/Planetary Science NJ Ask Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Tides
the rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced by the moon's gravity pulling on earth
Axis
An imaginary straight line passing through the center of the earth and is about where the earth rotates
Rotation
The circular movement around an axis
Revolution
the instance of an object (Being the earth or moon) revolving around another (being the sun or the earth)
Moon
Known as the satellite of the earth, it revolves around the earth and is visible at night by the reflecting light of the sun.
Gravity
the force that attracts something to the center of the earth and basically keeps things on the ground and makes things fall.
Comets
a celestial object made of nucleus of ice and dust.
Meteor
small bodies of matter from space that enter the worlds atmosphere, becoming incandescent due to friction and are seen as streaks of light in the sky.
Astroids
small rocky body orbiting the sun. Some are found in the astroid belt, specially between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. A few past close to the earth.
Meteorites
parts of a meteor or and actual meteor that was able to make it farther then just the earths atmosphere and makes contact with the ground.
Solar Eclipse
an eclipse in which the sun is being blocked by the moon. The moon is in-between the earth and the sun.
Lunar Eclipse
an eclipse where the moon appears dark because it is passing through the earths shadow. The earth is in-between the moon and the sun.
Air Mass
a body of air with temperature, pressure, and humidity
High-Pressure System
when an air mass cools over a cold region on land.when moving outward toward low pressure systems, it creates wind. Causes, clear blue skies, is dry etc.
Low-Pressure System
in which the air moves toward the low atmospheric pressure typically bringing clouds and precipitation.
Cold Front
A front where cold air moves in under a warm air mass.
Warm Front
a front where warm air moves over cold air and brings drizzly rain and then are followed by warm and clear weather
Altitude
Elevation above sea level
Wind Belt
pattern of wind movement around the earth
Galaxy
The collection of star systems
Orbit
The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a star, planet, or moon, esp. a periodic elliptical revolution
Satellites
a scientific object, put in space, that revolves around another object in space
Mercury
Mercury is the smallest and closest to the Sun of the nine planets in the Solar System, orbital period of about 88 Earth days move around its orbit in about 116 days, much faster than any other planet in the Solar System
Venus
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days. It has no natural satellite.
Earth
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and is the only planet capable of having life forms
Mars
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury. often referred to as the "Red Planet"
Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System. It is a giant planet.
Saturn
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Gas Giant Planet
Uranus
Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. It has the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest planetary mass
Neptune
Neptune is the eighth and farthest planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is the fourth-largest planet by diameter
Pluto
Is no longer considered a planet but will forever be a planet my heart.

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