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81 terms

Sacred Scripture

STUDY
PLAY
relationships
What is the Bible about?
testaments
another word for covenants is....
covenants
another word for testaments is...
Old Testament
God initiates covenants and offers salvation; people fail to respond or are unfaithful
New testament
God sends His Divine Son, Jesus, to restore the covenant by death and resurrection
Testament or Covenant
solemn agreement between humans or between God and humans in which mutual commitments are made
Divine Inspiration
the Divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted to communicate.
Biblical Inerrancy
the doctrine that the books of the Scriptures are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through the Scriptures for the sake of our Salvation
Holy Spirit
guided all of the writers of the Bible through Divine Inspiration
Knowledge, Creativity, Language, Culture, Writing Style
4 things authors used in their writings
deeds and actions, spoken word, written word
3 forms of communication
Oral Tradition
the handing on of the message of God's saving plan through words and deeds
Written Tradition
under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the synthesis in written form of the massage of salvation that has been passed down in the oral tradition
Experience, Speech, Written Word, Teach and Share with Others
Process of Written Tradition
2000 years
How many years has the history of salvation been told?
Life and Teachings of Jesus, Oral Tradition, Written Gospels
3 Stages of Gospels
Life and Teachings of Jesus
son of God who walked this earth teaching and preaching, dying and rising from the dead
Palestine, Cana, Promised Land, Land of Milk and Honey, Israel
Names of the place where Jesus lived and died
Roman Empire
Who was Palestine ruled by during the time of Jesus?
Palestine
where Jesus lived and preached the Good News, message of Salvation
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
4 evangelists
Bible
God's library or collection of sacred books containing the truth of Revelation
Canon
the collection of books the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God
Books of Law, Pentateuch, Torah
Names for Hebrew Scripture, the first 5 books of the Bible
46
number of books in the Old Testament
27
number of books in the New Testament
Sacred Scriptures
foundation for beliefs, practices, and customs
Council of Trent
Council in which the Canon of the Bible was officially declared
Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek
3 languages in which the Bible was originally written
Septuagint
Greek version of the Bible; the version of the Bible Jesus would have read
Vulgate
Latin version of the Bible
St. Jerome
translated the Bible into Latin
400 AD
When was the Bible changed into Latin?
New American Bible
most used version of the Bible in America today
New Revised Standard Version
most used version of the Bible in Canada
New Jerusalem Bible
more poetic version of the Bible
Good News Translation
Version of the Bible that is very conversational and somewhat easier to understand
Vatican Council II
Council in which the Bible was translated into the vernacular and analysis of the bible and times periods and culture was encouraged
Apostolic Origin, Universal Acceptance, Use, Consistency with other writings
4 standards for a writing to be in the Canon of the Bible
Gnostic
belief that salvation is a secret knowledge known by only a select few
Magisterium
the Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope
Divino Afflante Spiritu, Dei Verbum, Interpretation of the Bible in the Church
3 Writings in Vatican Council II that encourage and help us to know the Bible
Biblical Exegesis
the critical interpretation and explanation of a biblical text
Analogy of Faith
awareness of whole of Revelation, content and unity of truths of the faith revealed in Old and New Testament
Collegeville and New Jerome
2 biblical commentaries
Literary Genres
Narratives, Poetry, Prophecies, History, Wise Sayings, Moral lessons, Letters, Apocalyptic, and Teaching
literal sense
obvious meaning of the words and events in light of culture, times, and literary genres
spiritual sense
looks for meaning behind words of lessons, morals, and the future
allegorical sense
looks for lessons of faith in Christ in the Bible
moral sense
looks for moral and just living or right relationships with God, neighbor, self, and earth
Christology
study of the divinity of Christ
Contextualist approach
interpretation of the Bible that takes into account the various contexts for understanding.
Fundamentalist approach
interpretation of the Bible and Christian Doctrine based on the literalist meaning of the Bible's words, Interpretation made without regarding historical setting or teachings when first developed
Parousia, Eschatological
words for end times
Biblical Archaeology
discovery of ancient texts, artifacts, and buildings in Israel which date back to the time of Christ and earlier
Dead Sea Scrolls
ancient scrolls containing the oldest known manuscript of books in the Old Testament in Hebrew; some of the deuterocanonical books were found in these
Qumran, Judea
Where were the Dead Sea Scrolls found?
Bethlehem, Judea
where Jesus was born
Nazareth, Galilee
where Jesus grew up
after exodus
When were the Hebrew people called the Israelites?
After babylonian exile
When were the Israelites called Jews or Judeans
Historical Books
accounts of leaders, kings, judges, warriors, and prophets as Chosen People conquer the Promised Land
Wisdom Books
Poetic and practical advise on how to live the virtues
Virtues
Wisdom, Self-Control, Patience, Honesty, Dilligence, Suffering, Respect for Elders
Prophetic Books
spokesperson for God represent the conscience of God among His people
deuterocanonicals
Tobit, Judith, 1Maccabees, 2Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, and Baruch
Paschal Mystery
salvation accomplished through Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
Judea, Galilee, Samaria
3 Regions of Palestine
Hellenism
Greek Influence
Pharisees
educated, strict interpreters of Scripture, believed in resurrection of the dead and angels
Scribes
writers, lawyers, teachers, interpreters of the Law
Sadducees
Jewish upper class, adhered to the Torah; preserved Sanctity of the Temple, rejected belief of resurrection and angels
Essenes
believed to have written and put into jars what we find in different caves today
Essenes
Jews who went off to the desert to live a life of prayer and solitude
Herodians
Political Leaders who collaborated with the Romans
Zealots
revolutionary Jews
90
percent of Jews who belonged to no group
Great Sanhedrin
Jewish official governing body with 72 members
High Priest
like the "president" of Jews, spiritual leader, Political influence, and anointed much like a king
Gospels, 13 Pauline Letters, Other Letters, Book of Revelation
5 categories of the New Testament
John
believed to have written the book of Revelation