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What is the Bible about?


another word for covenants is....


another word for testaments is...

Old Testament

God initiates covenants and offers salvation; people fail to respond or are unfaithful

New testament

God sends His Divine Son, Jesus, to restore the covenant by death and resurrection

Testament or Covenant

solemn agreement between humans or between God and humans in which mutual commitments are made

Divine Inspiration

the Divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted to communicate.

Biblical Inerrancy

the doctrine that the books of the Scriptures are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through the Scriptures for the sake of our Salvation

Holy Spirit

guided all of the writers of the Bible through Divine Inspiration

Knowledge, Creativity, Language, Culture, Writing Style

4 things authors used in their writings

deeds and actions, spoken word, written word

3 forms of communication

Oral Tradition

the handing on of the message of God's saving plan through words and deeds

Written Tradition

under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the synthesis in written form of the massage of salvation that has been passed down in the oral tradition

Experience, Speech, Written Word, Teach and Share with Others

Process of Written Tradition

2000 years

How many years has the history of salvation been told?

Life and Teachings of Jesus, Oral Tradition, Written Gospels

3 Stages of Gospels

Life and Teachings of Jesus

son of God who walked this earth teaching and preaching, dying and rising from the dead

Palestine, Cana, Promised Land, Land of Milk and Honey, Israel

Names of the place where Jesus lived and died

Roman Empire

Who was Palestine ruled by during the time of Jesus?


where Jesus lived and preached the Good News, message of Salvation

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John

4 evangelists


God's library or collection of sacred books containing the truth of Revelation


the collection of books the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God

Books of Law, Pentateuch, Torah

Names for Hebrew Scripture, the first 5 books of the Bible


number of books in the Old Testament


number of books in the New Testament

Sacred Scriptures

foundation for beliefs, practices, and customs

Council of Trent

Council in which the Canon of the Bible was officially declared

Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek

3 languages in which the Bible was originally written


Greek version of the Bible; the version of the Bible Jesus would have read


Latin version of the Bible

St. Jerome

translated the Bible into Latin

400 AD

When was the Bible changed into Latin?

New American Bible

most used version of the Bible in America today

New Revised Standard Version

most used version of the Bible in Canada

New Jerusalem Bible

more poetic version of the Bible

Good News Translation

Version of the Bible that is very conversational and somewhat easier to understand

Vatican Council II

Council in which the Bible was translated into the vernacular and analysis of the bible and times periods and culture was encouraged

Apostolic Origin, Universal Acceptance, Use, Consistency with other writings

4 standards for a writing to be in the Canon of the Bible


belief that salvation is a secret knowledge known by only a select few


the Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope

Divino Afflante Spiritu, Dei Verbum, Interpretation of the Bible in the Church

3 Writings in Vatican Council II that encourage and help us to know the Bible

Biblical Exegesis

the critical interpretation and explanation of a biblical text

Analogy of Faith

awareness of whole of Revelation, content and unity of truths of the faith revealed in Old and New Testament

Collegeville and New Jerome

2 biblical commentaries

Literary Genres

Narratives, Poetry, Prophecies, History, Wise Sayings, Moral lessons, Letters, Apocalyptic, and Teaching

literal sense

obvious meaning of the words and events in light of culture, times, and literary genres

spiritual sense

looks for meaning behind words of lessons, morals, and the future

allegorical sense

looks for lessons of faith in Christ in the Bible

moral sense

looks for moral and just living or right relationships with God, neighbor, self, and earth


study of the divinity of Christ

Contextualist approach

interpretation of the Bible that takes into account the various contexts for understanding.

Fundamentalist approach

interpretation of the Bible and Christian Doctrine based on the literalist meaning of the Bible's words, Interpretation made without regarding historical setting or teachings when first developed

Parousia, Eschatological

words for end times

Biblical Archaeology

discovery of ancient texts, artifacts, and buildings in Israel which date back to the time of Christ and earlier

Dead Sea Scrolls

ancient scrolls containing the oldest known manuscript of books in the Old Testament in Hebrew; some of the deuterocanonical books were found in these

Qumran, Judea

Where were the Dead Sea Scrolls found?

Bethlehem, Judea

where Jesus was born

Nazareth, Galilee

where Jesus grew up

after exodus

When were the Hebrew people called the Israelites?

After babylonian exile

When were the Israelites called Jews or Judeans

Historical Books

accounts of leaders, kings, judges, warriors, and prophets as Chosen People conquer the Promised Land

Wisdom Books

Poetic and practical advise on how to live the virtues


Wisdom, Self-Control, Patience, Honesty, Dilligence, Suffering, Respect for Elders

Prophetic Books

spokesperson for God represent the conscience of God among His people


Tobit, Judith, 1Maccabees, 2Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, and Baruch

Paschal Mystery

salvation accomplished through Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension

Judea, Galilee, Samaria

3 Regions of Palestine


Greek Influence


educated, strict interpreters of Scripture, believed in resurrection of the dead and angels


writers, lawyers, teachers, interpreters of the Law


Jewish upper class, adhered to the Torah; preserved Sanctity of the Temple, rejected belief of resurrection and angels


believed to have written and put into jars what we find in different caves today


Jews who went off to the desert to live a life of prayer and solitude


Political Leaders who collaborated with the Romans


revolutionary Jews


percent of Jews who belonged to no group

Great Sanhedrin

Jewish official governing body with 72 members

High Priest

like the "president" of Jews, spiritual leader, Political influence, and anointed much like a king

Gospels, 13 Pauline Letters, Other Letters, Book of Revelation

5 categories of the New Testament


believed to have written the book of Revelation

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