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What facial expression muscle has an orgini on the appendicular skeleton?

Zygomatic Minor

This muscle has an origin on the zygomatic bone & insertion on the upper lip and its action is to raise (elevate) the upper lip?

Lavator labii Superiorali, Angulii Oris, Buccinator

What 3 muscles of the facial expression insert on the orbicular oris?

Mentalis, Platysma

What 2 muscles make up the "pouting muscles"?

Draws angle of mouth laterally

What is the action of Risorius muscle?

Facial VII

What nerve innervates the muscles of facial expression?

Unilateral paralysis of the muscles of facial nerve VII

What is Bell's palsy?

Closes the eye

What is the action of Orbicularis Oculi?

Levator Palpebrae Superioris

What muscle elevates the upper eyelid? (Opens eye)

Occipitalis, Frontalis

What are the two muscles that are attached to the epicranial aponeurosis?

Depressor Labii Inferioris,

What Muscle inserts on the skin of the lower lip, has origin on mandible and action is to depress the lip?

Orbicularis oris

What muscle shapes your lips during speech?

Eye muscles

What are the fastest contracting and most precisely controlled skeletal muscles in the body?

They orginiate outside the eyeballs & insert on it's outer surface (whites of eyes)

Why are the eyeball muscles classified as extrinsic muscles?

Lateral Rectus

What does the cranial nerve Abducens Nerve Innervate?

Superior Rectus

This muscle makes you "look up"

Superior Oblique

This muscle has an origin on the sphenoid bone, insert on the wywball between the superior & lateral recti?

Up & Out

What is the action of the inferior Oblique?

Common Tendinous Ring

What is the origin of the Inferior Rectus?

Medial Rectus

This muscle allows you to look cross-eyed (adduction)?

Superior Rectus, Inferior Rectus, Medial rectus,Inferior Oblique, Levator Palpebrae superioris

What muscle of the eye are innervated by occulomotor III?

Down & Out

What is the action of the Superior Oblique?

Common Tendinous Ring

This is the common Origin that the Recti muscles have?

O- Medial end of superciliary arch of the frontal bone.
I- Skin of eyebrow

What is the origin and insertion of the Corrugator supercilia?


If a muscle is a sphincter muscle, What action does it have?

Action, Location

How is a depressor Labii Inferioris named?


What is known as the whistle, suck, blow muscle?

Frowning Muscle

The nickname of the corrugator supercilii?

Zygomatic Major

This muscle smiles without exposing teeth?

Zygomatic Minor

This muscle is called the smiling muscle because teeth are exposed?

Grimising Muscle

The Risorius is nicknamed?


Which muscle originates on the madible, and inserts on the skin of chin?

Kissing Muscle

The orbicularis Oris is nicknamed what?

Inferior to infraorbital foramen

The Origin of the Levator Anguli Oris?

Alveolar processes of maxilla & mandible near the molar teeth

What is the origin for the Buccinator?

Skin at angle of the mouth

What is the insertion for Risorius?

Fascia over deltoid & pectoralis Major muscles

What is the origin if the Platysma?

Medial End of superciliary arch of the frontal bone

What is the origin of the corrugator supercilii?

Circular path of orbit

What is the insertion of the Orbicularis oculi

Zygomatic Bone

What is the origins of the Zygomatic Major & zygomatic Minor?


What is the origin of the nasalis?

Skin over cartilaginous part of nose

What is the insertion of Nasalis?

Dilates external nares

What is the Action of Nasalis?

Superior to infraorbital foramen of maxilla

What is the origin of Levator Labii Superioris?

Skin at angle around mouth

What is the insertion of Levator Labii Superioris?

Elevates Upper lip

What is the action of the Levator Labii Superioris?


Muscles that move at the temporomadibular joint are also known as muscle of?


Strongest muscle of the jaw?

Trigeminal V

What is the common innervation of the muscles that move the mandible?

Lateral Pterygoid

Which is the only muscle of mastication to open jaw?

Medial & Lateral Pterygoid

Which of the muscles move the mandible side to side as in grinding food?

Temporal Bone

What is the Origin of the temporalis?

Medial surface of lateral portion of pterygoids process of sphenoid bone; maxilla

What is the origin of Medial Pterygoid?

Greater wing and lateral surface of lateral portion of pterygoids process of sphenoid bone

What is the origin of Lateral Pterygoid?

Maxilla and zygomatic arch

What is the origin of Masseter?

Masseter & Medial Condyle

What 2 eye muscles have the insertion on the angle ramus of mandible?

Coronoid process and ramus of mandible

What is the insertion of temporalis?

Condyle of mandible; TMJ Joint

What is the insertion of Lateral Pterygoid?

Cross-eye & Strabismus

A condition in which the two eyes are not properly aligned?

Sphenoid bone

What is the origin of the superior oblique?

Maxilla in floor of orbit

What is the origin of Inferior Oblique?

Eyeball between superior & lateral recti. Inserts here via a tendon that passes through the trochlea of eye

What is the insertion of Superior Oblique?

Trochlear IV

What is the Nerve Innervation of Superior Oblique?

Abducens VI

What is the Nerve innervation of Lateral Rectus?

Elevation & ABduction

What is the action of Superior Rectus?

Depression & adduction

What is the actions of inferior rectus?


What is the action of Lateral Rectus?


What is the action of Medial Rectus?

Depression & ABduction

What is the action of Superior Oblique?

Elevation & ABduction

What is the action of Inferior Oblique?


When facial muscles contract what do they move?

Frontal Belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle; zygomatic Minor

Sammy wakes up morning of his birthday to find a new 10 speed bike in the garage. He wrinkles his forehead as in a look of surprise and smiles exposing teeth. What two muscles did he use in his facial expression?

Epicranial Aponeorosis

Occipital Frontalis Origin

Skin superior to supraorbital margin

What is the insertion of Occipial frontalis?

Draws scalp anteriorly, raises eyebrows, and wrinkles skin of forehead horizontally as in a look of surprise

What is the action of Occipital Frontalis?

Occipital bone & mastoid process of temporal bone

What is the origin of Occipitalis?


The epicranial Aponeurosis is the insertion of what muscle?

Draws scalp posteriorly

The action of Occipitalis is?

Styoglossus & Genioglossus

Bobby was teasing sarah and stuck his tongue out. When bobby noticed his mom watching he quickly drew his tongue back in. Which two muscle allowed him to do this?

Protract and Move the Mandible

The medial and lateral pterygoids


Originates on the anterior surface of the soft palate and inserts on the side of the tonge. It elevates the posterior portion of the tongue and draws the soft palate down on the tongue?

Digastric & Omohyoid

Which muscles has two bellies?


Bell's Palsey is innervated by what nerve?

Hyoid Bone

What is the common insertion among most of the muscles of deglutition?

Elevates the Hyoid Bone

All of the Suprahyoid muscle have this action in common?

Strap muscles

the infrahyoid muscles are also known as what?


Of all suprahyoids, this muscle assist food movement from the oral cavity to the throat

Inferior & Superior Oblique

These 2 muscles do no originate on the tendonous ring around optic foramen?


This muscle retracts the mandible

Palatglossus, Hyloglossus, Styloglossus

The tongue is the insertion for which of the following muscles?


What is the only muscle of the anterior neck that does not insert into the hyoid bone?

Elevates Hyoid, Depresses mandible

Action of Digastric ?& Mylohyoid

Elevates Hyoid

action of Stylohyoid

Elevates, Depresses mandible, Draws hyoid & tongue anteriorly

Action of Geniohyoid

Depress Hyoid

Action of Omohyoid & Sternohyoid

Depress Thyroid

Action of SternoThyroid

Depress Hyoid, Elevates Thyroid

Action of ThyroHyoid

Elevating the Hyoid Bone

What action does all suprahyoids share?


Which of the following opens the mouth?


Is Omohyoid a infrahyoid or suprahyoid?


Which of the following muscles divieds the anterior neck into triangles and is innervated by accessory XI?

SCM & Semispinalis Capitis

These two muscles rotate the head to the opposit side of contraction?

Longissimus Capitis

The splenius capitis shares the same action with?

Move the head

The longissimus muscle does not what?


The origin is sternal head manubrium of sternum; clavicular head; medial third clavicle

Mastoid process of temporal bone

The insertion of the SCM muscle?

(bilateral) Lateral Flex and rotate head to same side as contracting muscle (unilateral) Rotate head to opposite side of contracting muscle & elevates the sternum during forced exhalation

What is the action of SCM

Transverse processes oof c3-c6

The origin of anterior scalene?

Transverse processes of c2-c7

The origin of middle scalene?

Transverse processes of c4-c6

The origin of posterior scalene?

First rib

The insertion of Anterior & middle scalene?

Second rib

The insertion of posterior scalene?

Cervical spinal nerves

The nerve innervation for all Scalene muscles, anterior, middle, & posterior?

Accessory Breathing muscles

The anterior & middle scalene are known as the?

Middle Scalene

This Scalene is known as the largest and longest?

Posterior Scalene

This scalene raises the secong rib?

Bordered by the superior mandible, inferiorly by the sternum, medially by the cervical midline, and laterally by the anterior border of SCM muscle

Anterior Triangle

Bordered Inferiorly by the clavicle, anteriorly by the posterior border of the scm muscle and posteriorly by the anterior border of the trapezius muscle

Posterior Triangle

Sternal Head and Clavicular Head of scm

SCM consists of Two bellies

Sternal division

Pain from the what of the scm may be referred to the superior cranial portion (calvaria) of the skull.


Assessment and therapy by a manual therapist sometimes enable patients to have a reduction in pain when other traditional treatments have been unable to effectively treat the cause of pain.

Clavicular Division

Referred paiin from what division of the scm may be perceived as pain deep to and around the ear and therefor the scm also play for "unexplained" earache

Ligamentum Nuchae & spinous processes of c7-t4

The origin of Splenius capitus?

Occipital bone and mastoid process of temporal bone

The insertion of Splenius Capitus?

Acting bilaterally, extend head; acting unilaterally, laterally flex

Whats the action of Splenius Capitis & Splenius Cervicis

Spinous Processes of T3-T6

The Origin of Splenius Cervicis?

Transverse prosesses of c1-c2 or c1-c4

The insertion of Splenius cervicis?

Middle Cervicle & spinal nerves

Nerve innervation for Splenius Capitis?

Inferior cervicle spinal nerves

Nerve innervation for Splenius Cervicis?

Ribs 1-6

Origin of iliocostalis cervicis?

Transverse processes of c4-c6

The insertion of iliocostalis cervicis?

Cervical and thoracic spinal nerve

The nerve innervation of iliocostalis cervicis?

Bilaterally extend and maintain erect posture of vertebral column of their respective regions; acting unilaterally flex vertebral column of their respective regions?

Action of iliocostalis thoracic, cervicis, & lumborum?

Thoracic spinal nerves

Nerve innervations of iliocostalis thoracis?

Lumbar Spinal Nerves

Iliocostalis lumborum

Ribs 7 -12

Whats the origin for iliocostalis thoracis?

Ribs 1-6

Whats the insertion for iliocostalis thoracis?

Iliac Crest

Whats the Origin for iliocostalis lumborum?

Iliocostalis lumborum

Ribs 7-12 is the insertion for which muscle?

Articular processes of c4-c7 and transverse processes of t1-t4

What is the origin of longissimus capitus?

Mastoid process of temporal bone

What is the Insertion of longissimus capitis?

bilaterally Extend head

Action of longissimus capitis?

Middle & inferior cervical spinal nerves

What is the nerve innervation for longissimus capitis?

Transverse processes of t4-t5

What is the origin of longissimus cervicis?

Transverseprocesses of c2-c6

What is the insertion of longissimus cervicis?

transverse process of lumbar vertebrae

What is the origin of the Longissimus thoracis?

Transverse process of all thoracic and superior lumbar vertebrae ribs 9 and 10

The insertion of the longissimus thoracis?

Together Extend vertebral column and singly lateral flexes vertebral column

What action does the longissimus thoracis and longissimus cervicis have?

Rotate head at same side

What action does all of the erector spinae muscles have?

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