is not the main verb in a phrase; are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer; includes any forms of TO BE examples: * is, am, are, was, were
be, being, been has, have, had
do, does, did will, shall, should, would
can, could may, might, must
names a person, place, thing, or idea - a part of speech that serves as the subject of a sentence
noun - whom or what the sentence is about - a part of speech that serves as the subject of a sentence
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes (comes before) the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.
An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much". At times they end with an "ly."
A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. Usually refers to placement - example: above, beneath, along side of, behind, on top of.........
A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, its object and any associated adjectives or adverbs.
You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses. examples - "and," "but," "or," "nor," "for," "so," or "yet"
An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. examples - Ouch, that hurt!
The modifier adds information to another element in the sentence - adjectives and adverbs.
parts of speech
Explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. There are eight (8) parts of speech - verb, noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection.