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a part of speech that serves as the predicate of a sentence

helping verb

is not the main verb in a phrase; are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer; includes any forms of TO BE examples: * is, am, are, was, were
be, being, been has, have, had
do, does, did will, shall, should, would
can, could may, might, must

simple predicate

verb - tells what the subject is doing


names a person, place, thing, or idea - a part of speech that serves as the subject of a sentence

simple subject

noun - whom or what the sentence is about - a part of speech that serves as the subject of a sentence


replaces a noun


An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes (comes before) the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.


An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much". At times they end with an "ly."


A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. Usually refers to placement - example: above, beneath, along side of, behind, on top of.........

prepositional phrases

A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, its object and any associated adjectives or adverbs.


You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses. examples - "and," "but," "or," "nor," "for," "so," or "yet"


An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. examples - Ouch, that hurt!


The modifier adds information to another element in the sentence - adjectives and adverbs.

parts of speech

Explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. There are eight (8) parts of speech - verb, noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection.


a, an, and the

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