15 terms

Federal Court System

General vocabulary/terms from sheet and other sources for Ch. 18
purpose of the Judicial Branch
to review/interpret the laws
two levels of dual court system
national and state
inferior courts
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court; ex. US tax court
an area of authority or control; the right to administer justice
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of the federal courts alone to hear and decide cases
concurrent jurisdiction
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
original jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases for the first time
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to review decisions made/appealed by lower courts
judicial restraint
view that the courts should reject any active lawmaking functions and stick to judicial interpretations of the past
judicial activism
an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
district federal courts
94 of them
criminal case
a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law
civil case
a case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement
list of cases to be heard