Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

General vocabulary/terms from sheet and other sources for Ch. 18

purpose of the Judicial Branch

to review/interpret the laws

two levels of dual court system

national and state

inferior courts

the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court; ex. US tax court


an area of authority or control; the right to administer justice

exclusive jurisdiction

authority of the federal courts alone to hear and decide cases

concurrent jurisdiction

authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases

original jurisdiction

the authority to hear cases for the first time

appellate jurisdiction

the authority of a court to review decisions made/appealed by lower courts

judicial restraint

view that the courts should reject any active lawmaking functions and stick to judicial interpretations of the past

judicial activism

an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)


a law established by following earlier judicial decisions

district federal courts

94 of them

criminal case

a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law

civil case

a case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement


list of cases to be heard

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording