37 terms

AP Gov Ch 13 & 14

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electorate
citizens eligible to vote
mandate
a command, indicated by an electorate votes, for the elected officials to carry out a party platform or policy agenda
primary election
election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election
closed primary
a primary election in which only a party's registered voters are eligible to cast a ballot
open primary
a primary election in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to participate
crossover voting
participation in the primary election of a party with which the voter is not affiliated
runoff primary
a second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary
general election
election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
intiative
an election that allows citizens to propose legislation or state constitutional amendments by submitting them to the electorate for popular vote
referendum
an election whereby the state legislative submits proposed legislation or state constitutional amendments to the voters for approval
recall
an election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office prior to the next scheduled election
front-loading
the tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination calendar
electoral college
representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president
elector
member of the electoral college
reapportionment
the reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census
incumbency
already holding an office
midterm election
an election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term
conventional political participation
activism that attempts to influence the political process through commonly accepted forms of persuasion such as voting or letter writing
unconventional political participation
activism that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing
ticket splitting
voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
retrospective judgement
a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on past performance on a particular issue
prospective judgement
a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she pledges to do about an issue if elected
turnout
the proportion of the voting-age public that casts a ballot
general election campaign
phase of a political campaign aimed at winning election to office
nomination campaign
phase of a political campaign aimed at winning a primary election
campaign manager
the individual who travels with the candidate and coordinates the campaign
finance chair
the individual who coordinates the financial business of the campaign
communications
the person who develops the overall media strategy for the candidate
press secretary
the individual charged with interacting and communicating with journalists on a daily basis
campaign consultant
a private-sector professional who sells to a candidate the technologies, services, and strategies required to get that candidate elected
pollster
a campaign consultant who conducts public opinion surveys
voter canvass
the process by which a campaign reaches individual voters, either by door-to-door solicitation or by telephone
get-out-the-vote (GOTV)
a push at the end of a political campaign to encourage supporters to go to the polls
hard money
campaign contributions that are regulated and limited by the Federal Election Commission
soft money
campaign contributions that are not regulated or limited by the Federal Election Commission
political action committee
officially registered fund-raising organization that represents interest groups in the political process
public funds
donations from general tax revenues to the campaigns of qualifying presidential candidates