How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

100 terms

Intro. Sociology

STUDY
PLAY
feral children
Children who have had little or no social contact and therefore have no idea of how to behave in society or what society expects of them.
socialization
the process through which people learn the expectations of society.
social agents
those who pass on societies expectations.
looking glass self
explains how a persons self arises from the opinion of others (how society sees "you").
imitation stage
children merely copy the behavior of those around them.
play stage
children start to take on the role of those significant to them.
game stage
the child is able to take on multiple roles at the same time.
significant other
those with whom children have a close affiliation. (occurs during play stage)
generalized other
the one in whom the child finds an example of community examples and social values,this depends on ones social position(race,class,gender,region,or religion). this happens during game stage.
"I"
the I is the active,creative,self defining part of an individuals personality.
"me"
the passive,conforming self that reacts to others.
social control
process by which groups and individuals within those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations.
roles
the expected behavior associated with a given status in society.
identity
how one defines oneself.
personality
a persons consistent pattern of behavior, feelings, predispositions,and beliefs.
internalization
behaviors and assumptions learned so thoroughly that people no longer question them, but simply accept them as correct.
self concepts
how we think of ourselves due to the socialization experiences we have over a lifetime.
peers
those with whom you interact on equal terms.
social learning theory
formation of identity is a learned response to social stimuli.
symbolic interaction theory
framework for building theory that assumes society is the product of everyday interactions between people.
self
what we imagine we are.
adult socialization
learned behaviors and attitudes appropriate to specific situations and roles.
anticipatory socialization
learning the expectations of future roles one expects to enter.
age stratification
refers to hierarchical ranking of different age groups in society.
resocialization
process by which social roles are radically altered or replaced.
society
a system of social interaction that includes both culture and social organization.
social interaction
behavior by two or more people that is given meaning by them.
social organization
order established in social groups at any level.
social institution
system of social behavior with a recognized purpose.
mechanical solidarity
individuals play similar roles in the society.
organic solidarity
great variety of roles and unity is based on role differentiation, not similarity.
division of labor
relatedness of tasks that develop in complex societies.
preindustrial society
directly uses, modifies, and/or tills the land as a major means of survival.
foraging (hunting-gathering) societies
enabled by technology to hunt animals and gather vegetation.
pastoral societies
a society whose technology is based on domestication of animals.
horticultural societies
use tools and recultivate the land each year , they tend to establish settlements and villages.
agricultural society
large and complex economic system that is based on large scale farming.
industrial societies
one that uses machines and other advanced technologies to produce and distribute goods and services.
post industrial society
economically dependent upon the production and distribution of services, information, and knowledge.
group
collection of individuals who interact, communicate, share goals, norms and have an awareness of '' we''.
status
established position in a social structure that carries with it a degree of prestige.
status set
complete set of statuses occupied by a person at a given time.
status inconsistency
different statuses occupied by a person with different amounts of prestige and conflicting expectations.
achieved status
attained by virtue of individual effort.
ascribed status
those occupied from the moment a person is born.
master status
dominant,overriding all other features of a persons identity.
role modeling
the process by which we imitate the behavior of another person we admire.
role set
all roles occupied by the person at a given time.
role conflict
two or more roles with contradictory expectations.
role strain
a condition wherein a single role brings conflicting expectations.
proxemic communication
the amount of space between interacting individuals.
ehtnomethodology
technique for studying human interaction by deliberately disturbing norms and observing individuals attempt to restore normalcy.
impression management
process by which people control how others perceive them.
dyad
a group consisting of exactly two people.
triad
a group consisting three people.
triadic segregation
what Simmel called the tendency for triads to pair up and isolate one person.
primary group
a group consisting of intimate face to face interaction and long lasting relationships.
secondary groups
lager less intimate less long lasting groups.
group size effect
the effect of group number on group behavior.
reference groups
those which you may or may not belong but use as a standard for evaluating values, attitudes, and behavior.
attribution theory
principle that states we all make judgments about what people are really like.
attribution error
attributing behavior to membership of a particular group.
social network
links between individuals, between groups, or other social units.
groupthink
tendency for group members to reach consensus opinion even if that decision is wrong.
deindividuation
the sense that ones self has merged with a group.
formal organization
large secondary group, highly organized to accomplish tasks, and achieve goals efficiently.
total institution
organization that is cut off from the rest of society and resident individuals are subject to strict social control.
anomie
condition that exists when social regulations break down.
anomic suicide
disintegrating forces in the society make individuals feel lost or alone.
altruistic suicide
when there is excessive regulation of individuals by social forces.
egoistic suicide
when people feel totally detached from society.
social control theory
functionalist theory suggesting that deviance occurs when a persons or groups attachment to social bonds is weakened.
elite deviance
refers to the wrongdoing of the wealthy and powerful individuals and organizations.
social control agents
those who regulate and administer the response to deviance.
social control
process by which groups and individuals within those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations.
differential association theory
behavior one learns through interaction with others (this includes criminal behavior).
deviant identity
definition a person has of himself or herself as a deviant.
deviant career
movements people make through a particular subculture of deviance.
deviant communities
groups that organize around particular forms of social deviance.
stigma
attributes that are socially devalued and discredited.
crime
a form of deviance specifically behavior that violates particular criminal laws.
criminology
the study of crime from a scientific perspective.
faire le plein de super
Fill it up with gas
On a largement le temps
We have plenty of time.
Verifier d'huile
Check the oil.
Le Pneaus
The tires
C'est toujours la meme chose.
It is always the same thing
L'autoroute
Highway
En tout cas
In any case.
Un panneau
Sign
On a neau creve'
We have a flat tire
Aider
to help
La roue de secours
spare tire.
Boite a outils
Tool box
Le cric
Car jack
Grouille- toi
Get a move on
Ca ne va pas prendre longtemps
it will not take long
Il n'ya pas le feu
Chill out
Du calm!
Calm down
La route pour...
Asking for directions