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Rebirth in the interest in classical art that began in Italy and spread throughout Europe


a philosophy based on the importance and dignity of each individual- all people have the ability to control their own lives and achieve greatness

Classical Cultures

Ancient Greek and Roman

Why did it start in Italy?

Italian city-states became wealthy because they were centrally located on trade routes and linked Europe with the East

Patrons of Art

Sponsored or Paid for creations of beautiful statues, paintings, buildings, universities and hospitals

The Medici Family

Richest families in Florence, made Florence the center of Italian Renaissance spent large amounts of money on art


city- state in Italy became Europe's banking center, became Italy's cultural center during the Renaissance

Why was there a renewed interest in classical cultures?

Merchants and crusaders brought back new knowledge after being in contact with the Muslims
Catholic Church kept knowledge alive by coping documents
Flow of new ideas led to the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman Cultures

Features of Classical Art

Greek and Roman, nude, life like, idealized, active, without emotion, little or no background

Features of Medieval Art

Religious, fully dressed figures, serious faces, flat, use gold as a background color

Features of Renaissance Art

Realism and Facial Expression,Perspective,Three dimensional and shading,Emphasis on Individualism,Classicism,Geometrical Arrangements of Figures

Famous Achievements of Raphael

The School of Athens- one point perspective, great variety of poses

Famous Achievements of Leonardo da Vinci

Vitruvian Man, Mona Lisa, Last Supper, Renaissance man

Famous Achievements of Michelangelo

David in Marble- one of the worlds most admirable sculptures;Pieta, Sistine Chapel Ceiling; considered one of the greatest of all Renaissance artists

Achievements of Niccolo Machiavelli

Wrote the Prince which was a guidelines for human behavior for rulers- "It is better to be feared then loved"

What caused the Renaissance?

Decline in the Byzantine Empire
Contact with the Middle East/libraries in the East
Revival of Trade and the rise of towns
Catholic Church kept knowledge alive by copying books

Why was the Renaissance a Golden Age?

Art, Literature, and science flourished in Western Europe
Time of leaning and thoughts
Period of transition from medieval to modern times

Renaissance Man

Man with a well rounded education, skilled in may areas (speaking several languages, play instrument, be educated


made fun of society including the church; believed the simple ways were best- Wrote Praise of Folly


greatest playwright of all time; had a deep understanding of human beings and their flaws, Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet


Made it possible to make books quick and cheap, spread Renaissance ideas, used moveable type and translated works into common language of people

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