41 terms

SOL WHI.5 Ancient Greece

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Greece
This civilization is a group of islands and a peninsula in the Aegean and Mediterranean
Dardanelles
Strait which links the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea
Athens
major city-state in Greece where democracy first developed
Sparta
City-state in Greece which was very militaristic and won the Peloponnesian War
Troy
City state in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey)
Macedonia
Region to the north of of Greece which eventually conquered it
arable
Greece had limited land which could be farmed, meaning they had limited _____ land
Hellenistic
commerce and conquest helped to spread this (values, language, customs, etc. of Greece)
Colonization
this happened as a result of Greece's need to find arable land and put the people in their overcrowded city-states
Mythology
Greek religion which explained natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events- included stories about Zeus, Hera, Apollo etc.; influenced symbols and images in Western literature, art, monumental architecture, and politics
citizens
Free adult males who had political rights & responsibility of civic participation in gov't
slaves
foreigners, women, and this group has no political rights
monarchy
gov't with rule by king
aristocracy
gov't with rule by nobles
tyranny
gov't with rule by one strong leader
democracy
gov't with rule by the people
Draco
Tyrant who was disliked by the people for passing a debt-slavery law
Solon
Tyrant who was liked by the people and encouraged democracy in Greece
oligarchy
gov't ruled by small group of people, usually elites
Persian Wars
war which saw Athens and Sparta united against an Asian foe in which Greece won
Peloponnesian War
war which saw Athens and Sparta fighting one another for control of trade in the Med. Sea
Pericles
Athenian leader who extended democracy and rebuilt Athens
Parthenon
Exanple of rebuilding of Athens (temple to Athena)
Golden Age
time of Athenian advancement when democracy was extended and the city was rebuilt
Aeschylus
Greek dramatist known as the father of tragedy; author of The Oresteia
Sophocles
Greek dramatist who wrote Oedipus the king
Homer
epic poet who wrote Iliad and Odyssey
Herodotus
Greek father of History
Thucydides
Greek historian who wrote The Peloponnesian Wars
doric
oldest and simplest style of column seen in the Parthenon
Ionic
second oldest scroll style of column
Corinthian
youngest and most decorated style of Sumer
Archimedes
Greek scientist who developed the lever and pulley
Hippocrates
Greek known as the "father of medicine"
Euclid
father of Geometry- his book Elements is the standard text for geometry
Pythagoras
his theorum is used by students- a squared + b squared = c squared
Socrates
father of philosophy; believed that questioning wast he way to find truth
Plato
Student of Socrates who wrote the Republic
Aristotle
student of Plato who helped to devise a scientific method
Phillip II
Macedonian who conquered most of Greece
Alexander the Great
Son of Phillip II who est. an empire from Greece to Egypt and the margins of India and helped to extend Greek cultural influences
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