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document that proclaimed a war against slavery and guaranteed to fight to the finish
Unconditional Surrender Grant
General US. Grant's nickname, taken from his military demand to the enemy at Fort Donelson and elsewhere
Crucial Confederate fortress on the Mississippi whose fall to Grant in 1863 cut the South in 2
Battle of Gettysburg
Pennsylvania battle that ended Lee's last hopes of achieving victory through an invasion of the north
The Man Without a Country
Edward Everett Hale's story of treason and banishment, inspired by the wartime banishing of the Copperhead Clement Vallandigham
the temporary 1864 coalition of Republicans and War Democrats that backed Lincoln's re-election
Romantic name given to the Southern fight for independence, indicating nobility despite defeat
union general who repudiated his party's Copperhead platform and polled 45% of the popular vote in 1864
Robert E. Lee
Southern officer whose failed charge at Gettysburg marked the "high water mark of the Confederacy
Salmon P. Chase
Ambitious secretary of the treasury who wanted to replace Lincoln as president in 1864
Southern War Democrat who ran as Lincoln's "Union Party" vice-presidential candidate in 1864
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