24 terms

APES Chapter 5 Vocabulary

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Altitude
elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface
Longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
Latitude
the distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
Arid
having little or no rainfall; very dry
Biome
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate
Climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time. Approximately 30 years.
Cold Front
the front of an advancing mass of colder air
Warm Front
the front of an advancing mass of warmer air
Coniferous
of or relating to or part of trees or shrubs bearing cones and evergreen leaves
Deciduous
(of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season
Desert
an arid region with little or no vegetation
Elevation
distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level)
Forest
the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area
Grassland
land where grass or grasslike vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life
Greenhouse effect
warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere
Monsoons
seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Permafrost
permanently frozen layer of soil beneath the surface of the ground
prairies
a large, level area of grassland with few or no trees, large area of level or rolling land with grass but few or no trees
Rain Shadow Effect
Precipitation falls on the windward side of a mountain range, resulting in lush vegetation & a warm, moist climate on one side, but a desert area on the leeward side.
Succulent Plants
Plants, such as desert cacti, that survive in dry climates by having no leaves, thus reducing the loss of scarce water. They store water and use sunlight to produce the food they need in the thick, fleshy tissue of their green stems and branches. Compare deciduous plants, evergreen plants.
transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
Weather
the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
Coriolis Effect
The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
Convection cell
unequal heating and cooling of the air often makes a pattern of rising air, sinking air, and winds

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