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APUSH Period 6 (Part 3): 1865-1898
Terms in this set (40)
National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA), 1869
1890: The merge of American Woman Suffrage Association and the National Woman Suffrage Association under Carrie Chapman Catt. They supported WWI because they believed it would help them gain suffrage.
American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA), 1869
Formed by women activists in 1869 to focus single-mindedly on the suffrage as the first band basic reform, it united in 1890 with the National Women Suffrage Association
Women's Christian Temeperance Union (WCTU), 1874
Founded in 1874, this organization advocated for the prohibition of alcohol, using women's supposedly greater purity and morality as a rallying point. Advocates of prohibition in the United States found common cause with activists elsewhere, especially in Britain, and in the 1880s they founded the World Women's Christian Temperance Union, which sent missionaries around the world to spread the gospel of temperance.
Social reformer who worked to improve the lives of the working class. In 1889 she founded Hull House in Chicago, the first private social welfare agency in the U.S., to assist the poor, combat juvenile delinquency and help immigrants learn to speak English.
A nurse; social worker; public health official; teacher; author; editor; publisher; activist for peace, women's, children's and civil rights; and the founder of American community nursing
Land grants by the government- For each mile of track the company got 20 square miles of land- So they use it for towns and basically controlled where the West would prosper and were able to sell the land
Morrill Land-Grant Acts, 1862 and 1890
Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges.
Frederick Jackson Turner
(1861 - 1932) He was an American historian in the early 20th century. He is best known for The Significance of the Frontier in American History, where he stated that the spirit and success of the United States is directly tied to the country's westward expansion. According to Turner, the forging of the unique and rugged American identity occurred at the juncture between the civilization of settlement and the savagery of wilderness.
A chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
(ca. 1831 - 1890) A Lakota Sioux religious leader who became a war leader in battles against the U.S. Army. He took part in many battles, including the Battle of the Little Bighorn. He turned himself in to the U.S. Army in 1881. He died in a fight that started when officials came to arrest him, believing that he was about to leave the reservation.
Great Sioux War, 1876-1881
Lasted from 1876-1877. These were spectacular clashes between the Sioux Indians and white men. They were spurred by gold-greedy miners rushing into Sioux land. The white men were breaking their treaty with the Indians. The Sioux Indians were led by Sitting Bull and they were pushed by Custer's forces. Custer led these forces until he was killed at the battle at Little Bighorn. Many of the Indian were finally forced into Canada, where they were forced by starvation to surrender.
Little Big Horn, 1876
In 1876, Colonel George A. Custer and 260 of his men were killed by Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull at this battle in southern Montana. "Custer's Last Stand" became enshrined in American mythology as a symbol of the brutality of the Indian wars, although there is substantial evidence that Custer acted recklessly in attacking the large Indian encampment.
Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
Dawes Severalty Act, 1887
Allotted lands to various Indian tribes and extended protection through federal laws over the Indians. It was designed to encourage the breakup of the tribes and promote the assimilation of Indians into American Society. Dawes' goal was to create independent farmers out of Indians -- give them land and the tools for citizenship.
A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to fight. It was crushed at the Battle of Wounded Knee after spreading to the Dakota Sioux. The Ghost Dance led to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. This act tried to reform Indian tribes and turn them into "white" citizens. It did little good.
Massacre at Wounded Knee, 1890
(1890) The U.S. Army's killing of approximately 150 Sioux at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota; ended U.S-Indian wars on the Plains
Patronage (Spoils System)
System that rewarded political supporters with jobs and favors
1872, This was a fraudulent construction company created to take the profits of the Union Pacific Railroad. Using government funds for the railroad, the Union Pacific directors gave padded construction contracts to Congress members
Tweed Ring (Tammany Hall)
Corrupt New York City political machine led by "Boss" Tweed, that used tactics such as bribery, graft, and fraudulent elections; in 1871, the New York Times published evidence of Tweed's corruption and illegal activities, leading to his arrest and conviction.
During the Grant administration, a group of officials were importing whiskey and using their offices to avoid paying the taxes on it, cheating the treasury out of millions of dollars.
A group of renegade Republicans who supported 1884 Democratic presidential nominee Grover Cleveland instead of their party's nominee, James G. Blaine.
Pendleton Act, 1883
Bill that outlawed compulsory campaign contributions from federal employees and established the Civil Service Commission.
Interstate Commerce Act, 1887
Established the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission) - monitors the business operation of carriers transporting goods and people between states - created to regulate railroad prices
Australian (secret) ballot
Practice that required citizens to vote in private rather than in public, and required the government (rather than political parties) to supervise the voting process.
Initiative and referendum
Initiative allowed reformers to circumvent state legislatures by submitting new legislature to the voters in general direct election. Referendum is the method by which actions of the legislature could be returned to the electorate for approval.
A theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
American Protective Association, 1887
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned for laws to restrict immigration
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
Plessy V Ferguson, 1896
Seperate but equal facilities based upon race is constitutional
A California printer, journalist, and influential activist whose ideas about taxes and reform, expressed in Progress and Poverty (1879), were widely propagated.
In 1888, he wrote Looking Backward, 2000-1887, a description of a Utopian society in the year 2000.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
Movement led by Washington Gladden - taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
Booker T Washington
Former slave who founded the Tuskegee Institute that focused on teaching African-Americans trade skills to earn a living and gain the trust of white society.
Atlanta Compromise, 1895
Speech given in Atlanta by Booker T. Washington in. The speech was a large step in showing racial progress because it the first time there had been a black speaker in front of a predominantly white audience.
1862-1931 fought against segregation and helped found the National Association for the Capital Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
American mechanical engineer, who wanted to improve industrial efficiency. He is known as the father of scientific management, and was one of the first management consultants
Helen Hunt Jackson
United States writer of romantic novels about the unjust treatment of Native Americans (1830-1885)
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