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28 terms

Progressives

Mrs.Cho's quiz and test study guide
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Trade Unions
an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
Knights of Labor
an American labor organization founded in 1869 to protect the rights of workers, all men and women allowed
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Federation of craft labor unions lead by Samuel Gompers that arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor
Samuel Gompers
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers. He was tough minded president of a Cigar Making Company.
Homestead Strike
It was one of the most violent strikes in U.S. history. It was against the Homestead Steel Works, which was part of the Carnegie Steel Company, in Pennsylvania in retaliation against wage cuts. The riot was ultimately put down by Pinkerton Police and the state militia, and the violence further damaged the image of unions.
Strikebreakers (Scabs)
workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers until the labor dispute is resolved
Eugene Debs
led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union, was later sent to jail for not stopping
Political Machines
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
Boss Tweed
Head of New York City's powerful Democratic political machine
Spoils System
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
Interstate Commerce Act
a law that made a federal Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate unfair railroad practices
Muckrackers
journalists who wrote about corruption in business and politics in order to bring about reform.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Federal statute that prohibits selling bad food and establishes meat inspection. Leads way for the Food and Drug Administration
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
Jacob Riis
Photographer who exposed slum life by showing pictures
Upton Sinclair
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
17th Amendment
Direct election of senators
Child Labor
using children to work in factories and businesses
Jane Addams
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
Hull House
Settlement house founded by progressive reformer Jane Adams in Chicago in 18889
Suffragist
person who worked for women's right to vote
19th Amendment
women's right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
Key leader of woman suffrage movement
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, she helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. She later helped edit the militant feminist magazine Revolution from 1868 - 1870.
Temperance
restraint or moderation, especially in regards to alcohol or food
18th Amendment
Ban on sale, manufacture, and transport of alcoholic beverages. Repealed by 21st amendment
Thomas Nast
Drew Pictures of corrupt city officer William M. Tweed (aka Boss Tweed)