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14 terms

Chapter 6 - Structure of Bones

long, short, irregular, flat - 2 not primary and examples of each
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ong, short, flat, irregular
4 principle types of bone based on shape?
long bone
What type of bone is greater in length than width - consists of 1 shaft (main, cylindrical, central portion) and 2 extremities on each end (top, bottom)?
long bone
Clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, metacarpals, metatarsals, phalanges = example of this kind of bone
short bone
What type of bone is cube shaped ( EQUAL in length and width) ?
short bone
Carpals, tarsals = examples of this type of bone?
flat bone
What type of bone is thin and composed of 2 parallel plates of compact bone w/ layer of spongy bone in between (Provide a lot of protection - large are for muscle attachment)?
flat bone
Occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, scapula, sternum, ribs, os coxae = examples of this type of bone?
irregular bone
What type of bone has complex shapes which cannot be place in any of the previous 3 groups (vary in amount of spongy and compact bone)?
irregular bone
Vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, temporal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxilla, mandible, palatine bones = examples of this type of bone?
Sutural and sesamoid bones
What are the 2 other types (not primary) of bone based on LOCATION and vary in #'s?
Sutural bones
What other types of bones are (wormian) small bones b/w joints of certain cranial bones?
Sesamoid bones
What other types of bones are small bones wrapped in tendons (patellas)?
shape
Primary bones are sorted according to _____
location, numbers
The two other types of bone (not primary) are sorted according to ______ and vary in ___