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a molecule that transports energy from the cell breakdown of food molecules to cell processes; adenine triphosphate
lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the addition of a phosphate group; adenine diphosphate
a process that captures energy from the sunlight to make sugars that store chemical energy
capture energy from the sunlight; take place within and across the membranes of the thylakoids
use energy from the light dependent reactions to make energy; occur in the stoma of the chloroplasts
during light-dependent reactions, energy is captured and transferred in the thylakoid membranes by two groups of molecules
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
chemical reactions that use carbon dioxide gas from the atmosphere and the energy carried by ATP and NADPH go make simple sugars
releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon based molecules to make ATP when oxygen is present
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from glucose without an electron transport chain and that produces a characteristic end product, such as ethyl alcohol or lactic acid.
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