At the end of Adams' presidency, he made a lot of courts and signed a bunch of "midnight justices" to rule over them, all being Federalists. Not all of the orders could be processed in time, so when Jefferson found out, he told Madison not to process the rest of them. Marbury, one of the midnight justices whose order didn't get processed in time, took the case directly to the Supreme Court, arguing that because Adams was in power at the time of the signing, his order should be processed. Chief Justice John Marshall rules against Marbury, arguing that the part of the Constitution protecting the rights of the midnight justices was unconstitutional (?). In doing so, he "sacrificed a pawn for the win" because the Supreme Court now had the right to rule federal laws unconstitutional.