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18 terms

Chapter 8 Social Conflict Theory: It's a class thing

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critical criminology
The view that crime is a product of the capitalist system.
conflict theory
The view that crime is a function of class conflict and power relations. Laws are created and enforced by those in power to protect their own interests.
power
The ability of persons and groups to control the behavior of others, to shape public opinion, and to define deviance.
instrumental Marxist
One who sees criminal law and the criminal justice system as capitalist instuments for controlling the lower class.
demystify
To unmask the true purpose of law, justice, or other social institutions.
structural Marxism
Based on the belief that criminal law and the criminal justice system area means of defending and preserving the capitalist system.
surplus value
The difference between what workers produce and what they are paid, which goes to business owners as profits.
marginalization
Displacement of workers, pushing them outside the economic and social mainstream.
globalization
The process of creating a global economy through transnational markets and political and legal systems.
left realism
Approach that sees crime as a function of relative deprivation under capitalism and favors pragmatic, community-based crime prevention and control.
preemptive deterrence
Efforts to prevent crime through community organization and youth involvement.
critical feminism
Approach that explains both victimization and criminality among women in terms of gender inequality, patriarchy, and the exploitation of women under capitalism.
patriarchal
Male-dominated.
paternalistic families
Father is breadwinner and rule maker; mother has menial job or is homemaker only. Sons are granted greater freedom than daughters.
role exit behaviors
Strategies such as running away or contemplating suicide used by young girls unhappy with their status in the family.
egalitarian families
Husband and wife share similiar positions of power at home and in the work place. Sons and daughters have equal freedom.
power-control theory
The view that gender differences in crime are a function of economic power (class position, one-versus two-earner families) and parental control (paternalistic versus eqalitarian families).
semiotics
The use of language elements as sighns or symbols beyond their literal meaning.