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14 terms

Psychology 101 - some brain parts

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Corpus callosum
Connects left and right hemispheres of the brain.
Cerebral cortex
Controls complex thought processes.
Cerebellum
Part of the hindbrain that controls balance and maintains muscle coordination.
Pons
Part of the hindbrain that relays messages between the cerebellum and the cortex.
Reticular formation
A system of nerves running from the hindbrain and through the midbrain to the cerebral cortex, controlling arousal and attention.
Hypothalamus
Part of the forebrain that regulates the amount of fear, thirst, sexual drive, and aggression we feel.
Pituitary gland
Regulates other endocrine glands.
Hippocampus
Plays a role in our learning, memory, and ability to compare sensory information to expectations.
Medulla
Part of the hindbrain where nerves cross from one side of the body to the opposite side of the brain.
Thalamus
Part of the forebrain that relays information from sensory organs to the cerebral cortex.
Fornix
Pathway of nerve fibers that transmits information from hippocampus to the mamillary bodies.
Hippocampus
Plays a role in our learning, memory, and ability to compare sensory information to expectations.
Mamillary body
Neurons that act as a relay station, transmitting information between fornix and thalamus.
Amygdala
Influences our motivation, emotional control, fear response, and interpretations of nonverbal emotional expressions.