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49 terms

World History Chp 9

STUDY
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lay investiture
kings/nobles decide that its their right to appoint church officials
Simony
buying/selling of church artifacts and church offices
Cistercians
order of monks that separate themselves to live away from church corruption
Bernard of Clairvaux
most famous Cistercian reformer
college of cardinals
below the pope, the most important churchmen, they choose the next pope
Pope Gregory VII
greatest of the reforming popes, established that papacy has absolute power in the church and that the church is infallible
Henry IV
wanted to pick his own church officials, didn't listen to the pope
Concordant of Worms
decides that only the church can appoint church officials
friars
"brothers"
mendicant orders
begging friars expect people to feed them
Franciscan order
established by Francis of Assisi
Dominican order
established by Dominic, closely associated with the Inquisition
Pope Innocent III
height of papal power
papal weapons
excommunication, interdict, inquisition
interdict
not being allowed to take the sacraments
inquisition
Forcing people to confess that they had misgivings about the pope, even tortured people, done by Dominican order
dukes
tribal leader to protect the tribe
duchy
territory a duke reigns over
Henry the Fowler/Henry I
Saxon House, expansion against Slavs/Magyars
Otto 1/Otto the Great
had churchmen as his vassals, crossed the Alps into Italy to defeat Lombards, crowned emperor of Holy Roman Empire
internal issues
German interference in Italy, neglect of Germany makes dukes more powerful
pope issues
emperor interfering in papal affairs, Henry IV vs. Gregory VII
nobles issues
salian house established by Henry IV, civil wars
house of hohenstaufens
established by Frederick I
Frederick I
also called Barbarossa, restores Holy Roman Empire, strengthened through Italian alliance, considered the antichrist b/c he didn't persecute Jews, Muslims, gypsies
Frederick II
heir to German and Sicilian throne, educated, patron to artist/scholars, his death marks decline of Holy Roman Empire
Alfred the Great
Anglo-saxon, established a military class, fortifications along the coast, english navy, schools, shires
anglo-saxon chronicle
history of england
shires
counties, where we get the word sherieff from
Canute
Danish ruler, united all of England
Edward the Confessor
very religious, died without a direct heir
William the Conqueror of Normandy
French, Battle of Hastings in AD 1066, brought feudalism, tenants-in-chief, domesday book
Domesday book
census of people, survey of possessions
Henry II
Plantagenet house
circuit courts
judges go to different towns and stay for a week then come back in about 6 months
indictments
when someone is accused of a crime
common law
idea of justice/fairness, unifies England
Thomas a Becket
archbishop of Canterbury (highest church office in England)
Richard I/the lion-hearted
goes on kings crusade, gets kidnapped by king of Austria on the way back, loved by people
John I
hated by people and weak, more land in France belonged to English kings than French kings, gets excommunicated by pope, Magna Carta
Magna Carta
"great charter" John I forced to sign it, limits king's power AD 1215
Edward I
most gifted, attempted to conquer all of Britain, becomes the Prince of Wales, forms Parliament
Parliament divisions
House of Commons and House of Lords, they make laws
power of the purse
power to control taxation
Hugh Capet
French, Capetian house, no wars about succession, expansion through conquest/marriage, centralized government, allied w/ church
Philip II/Augustus
real founder of France, reclaimed land from King John I
baillis
person who keeps courtroom under control
Louis IX
permanent royal court in Paris, issues ordinances without consulting vassals, gives dignity to royal office
Philip IV
summoned Estates-General for "advice"