The possibility of trial greatly influence negotiations. Trials are costly and time consuming. A simple burglary trial can take 1‐4 days and requires the presence of a judge, bailiff, clerk, defense attorney, prosecutor, and court reporter, in addition to non‐court personnel such as police officers, witnesses, victims and jurors. For everyone involved it represents time that cannot be spent elsewhere.
Based on these considerations, all members of the courtroom work group have a common interest in disposing of cases and avoiding unnecessary trials. Their reasons may differ. Judges and Prosecutors want high disposition rates in order to prevent case backlogs. Public defenders prefer quick dispositions because they lack the personnel to handle the caseload. Private defense attorneys depend on a high case turnover to earn a living, because most of their client can afford only a
modest fee. In short, all members of the courtroom workgroup have more cases to try than the time or resources to try them.