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force that is being moved a certain distance measured in joules (J)


the ability to do work

Mechanical Energy

energy in an object because of its motion or position

Potential Energy

related to the object's position; car balanced on a mountain top

Kinetic Energy

energy an object has because it is moving; big truck moving faster than a small truck

Electrical Energy

negatively charged energy flowing through a conductor

Nuclear Energy

energy kept in a nucleus

Thermal Energy

heat energy; energy related to the temperature of a substance; water boiling in a pot

Sound Energy

energy traveling through mechanical waves; megaphone


(thermal energy); is the transfer of heat in a fluid through CURRENTS


(thermal energy); is the transfer of heat from a warmer substance to a cooler substance through DIRECT CONTACT


(thermal energy); is the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves (SUN). CAN OCCUR THROUGH EMPTY SPACE.

Electromagnetic Energy

energy caused by negatively charged particles in motion;

Energy Conversions

follows the Law of Conservation of energy; a form of energy turning into a different type of energy

Law of Conservation of Energy

Energy cannot be created or destroyed


an inclined plane with a cylinder wrapped around it


an inclined plane that moves and causes objects to either slpit or lift

Wheel and Axle

a simple machine that is a shaft (axle) inserted through a wheel

Inclined Plane

a simple machine that is a flat, sloping surface


a simple machine with wheel(s) with a rope wrapped around it


a simple machine that is a bar balancing on a fulcrum


force applied on a lever


load/resistance is the object being pushed up by the effort force

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