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15 terms

Infectious Diseases and the Immune System

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Mucus
a sticky fluid that traps pathogens
Antibodies
defensive proteins that inactivate pathogens or trigger it's destruction by nonspecific defense (like preventing a virus from entering a cell, thus it can't reproduce)
Memory Cells
a specialized white blood cells that protects the body from reinfection by a specific pathogen
The cause of a given disease
Koch's postulates are used to determine what?
Skin, Mucus, and Stomach Acid
First lines of defense against infection
Barrier, Chemical Warfare
Skin repels pathogens by functioning as a _______ and engaging in ______________
White Blood Cells
What type of blood cells attack invading pathogens?
They inhibit the growth of pathogens
How can fevers be good for the body (if they are below 103 Fahrenheit)?
Bone Marrow
Where are B cells, a type of white blood cell, formed?
Bone Marrow, Thymus
T Cells, a type of white blood cell, form in the _______ and mature in the _______.
Antibodies
B Cells make what?
Vaccines
_______ are effective in preventing diseases because they trigger antibody formation
HIV
Causes AIDS by attacking and destroying helper T Cells
10
AIDS can remain dormant for more than _______ years.
Pancreas
Type I diabetes affects the _______.