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24 terms

CJQ102 Final Quiz Study Guide

Study guide for final quiz for Lincoln College students of Criminal Justice course.
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Rationality
Activities identified by their impersonal, methodical, efficient, and logical components.
Larceny-theft
The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession, or constructive possession, of another.
Burglary
The unlawful entry into a structure to commit a felony or a theft.
Arson
Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc."
White-collar crimes
Crimes committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.
Kickback
The return of money from seller to buyer as a result of a collusive agreement.
Tax evasion
Fraud committed by filing false tax returns or not filing tax returns at all.
Embezzlement
The unlawful misappropriation for personal use of money, property, or other thing of value entrusted to the offender's care, custody, or control.
Wire fraud
The use of an electric or electronic communications facility to intentionally transmit a false and/or deceptive message in furtherance of a fraudulent activity.
Occupational crime
Any act punishable by law that is committed through opportunity created in the course of an occupation which is legal.
Corporate crime
A violation of a criminal statute either by a corporate entity or by its executives, employees, or agents acting on behalf of and for the benefit of the corporation, partnership, or other form of business entity.
Ethnic succession
The continuing process whereby one immigrant or ethnic group succeeds another through assumption of a particular position in society.
Transnational organized crime
Unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries.
Dangerous drugs
Broad categories or classes of controlled substances other than cocaine, opiates, and cannabis products.
Designer drugs
New substances designed by slightly altering the chemical makeup of other illegal or tightly controlled drugs.
Drug trafficking
Manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, importing, and exporting a controlled substance or a counterfeit substance.
Drug-defined crimes
Violations of laws prohibiting or regulating the possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs.
Drug-related crimes
Crimes in which drugs contribute to the offense.
Interdiction
International drug-control policy that aims to stop drugs from entering the country illegally.
Decriminalization
Policy reducing criminal penalties associated with the personal possession of a controlled substance.
Legalization
Eliminates the laws and associated criminal penalties that prohibit the production, sale, distribution, and possession of a controlled substance.
Ethical reform
Working to establish stronger and more persuasive codes of business ethics.
Structural reform
Basic changes in corporate structure to make white-collar crime more difficult to commit.
Political reform
Centers on eliminating campaign contributions from corporations and businesses while increasing the level of fairness in determining government grants, purchases, and contracts.