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Egypt Facts

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Gifts of the Nile
Fertile Soil from Flooding, Water for Irrigation, Food, Papyrus, etc.
Location
Northeastern Africa
circa 3000 B.C.
Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Menes
circa 5000 B.C.
Settlement along the Nile
Three
Number of eras of Egyptian history
Old Kingdom
First of the eras of Egyptian history
Middle Kingdom
Era between the Old and the New Kingdoms
New Kingdom
Last of the eras of Egyptian history
King Narmer
King Menes' other name
Rosetta Stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to translation of ancient hieroglyphics.
Ramses
The Great Pharaoh; ruled for 67 years
Tutankhamun
Unimportant, but useful, Pharaoh
King Tut
Tutankhamun's nickname
Hatshepsut
First female pharaoh
Alexander
Greek conquerer of Egypt (circa 300 B.C.)
Ptolemy
Alexander's general who made himself pharaoh, and started Ptolemaic Dynasty
31 B.C.
Rome conquers Egypt
Pyramids
Architectural structures built during Old Kingdom
Sphinx
Large stone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, located at Giza
Mummification
Preservation of body for the afterlife
Polytheistic
Religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians
Monotheism
One-godded religion started by Pharaoh Akhenaton during New Kingdom
Papyrus
First paper used for writing
Peasants
Builders of pyramids (not slaves)
Achievements
Calendar, architecture, medicine, geometry, writing, etc.