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Gifts of the Nile

Fertile Soil from Flooding, Water for Irrigation, Food, Papyrus, etc.


Northeastern Africa

circa 3000 B.C.

Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Menes

circa 5000 B.C.

Settlement along the Nile


Number of eras of Egyptian history

Old Kingdom

First of the eras of Egyptian history

Middle Kingdom

Era between the Old and the New Kingdoms

New Kingdom

Last of the eras of Egyptian history

King Narmer

King Menes' other name

Rosetta Stone

Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to translation of ancient hieroglyphics.


The Great Pharaoh; ruled for 67 years


Unimportant, but useful, Pharaoh

King Tut

Tutankhamun's nickname


First female pharaoh


Greek conquerer of Egypt (circa 300 B.C.)


Alexander's general who made himself pharaoh, and started Ptolemaic Dynasty

31 B.C.

Rome conquers Egypt


Architectural structures built during Old Kingdom


Large stone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, located at Giza


Preservation of body for the afterlife


Religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians


One-godded religion started by Pharaoh Akhenaton during New Kingdom


First paper used for writing


Builders of pyramids (not slaves)


Calendar, architecture, medicine, geometry, writing, etc.

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