10 terms

Aristotle Quiz 1

When Aristotle begins the Nicomachean Ethics with the statement, "Every art and every inquiry, and likewise every action and choice seems to aim at some good , and hence it has been beautifully said that he good is that at which all things aim" he is laying a goundationfor what will become known as "teleological ethics"
In Book I, Aristotle somewhat regretfully challenges the theory of the good taught by his own teacher, Plato
Aristotle's philosophical methodology tends to focus on descriptions of particular cases (eg various ways of bieng good) rather than universal archetypes. This is because Aristotle did not believe that universal concepts or forms had any real existence outside the mind of the perceiver
Aristotle though that external conditions can have absolutely no effect whatsoever on the happiness of a virtuous human being
Aristotle thought that childre, due to tehir innocence of adult concerns are the only human beings who can truly be described as happy
Aristotle held that human beings are responsible for tehir actions, even if they have become habituated to some vice and can no longer do otherswise
According to Aristotle, happiness is only possible for a person who is serious about his/her life and willing to work hard at it
Which of the following terms and translations is most inappropriate
a. Eudaimonia--happiness, contentment
b. Energeia--being-at-work
c. Kalon--habit
d. Arete--virtue, excellence
Being at work of the soul in accordance with virtue
Which of the followin definitions of the human is a representative of Aristotle's description of virtue
a. greatest happiness for the greatest number
b. being at work of the sould in accordance with virtue
c. obedience to the moral law of pure reason alon
d. middle ground between maximum pleasure and avoiding pain
Predispositions (natural or habituated tendencies toward particular feelings)
According to Aristotle, virtues are all of the following except
a. Mean conditions between vices of excess and deficiency
b. Active conditions
c. Predispositions (natural or habituated tendencies toward particular feelings)
d. Chosen, or willing states of being
e.Developed excellences of one's natural potential
f. Stimuli for reasonable action