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a rectangular part of a computer screen that contains a display different from the rest of the screen

dialog box

a small temporary window in a graphical user interface that appears in order to request information from the user

shortcut icon

A link presented as an icon that provides a user with access to another object.

recycle bin

an area on your hard drive disk that holds deleted files until you remove them permanently

task bar

the horizontal band at the bottom of the desktop that includes the Start button, minimized window buttons, and a row of icons usually related to input and output devices


a small device or machine with a particular purpose

shut down

the process of closing all application and the operating system

log off

disconnects your account from the network, without shutting down the computer

switch user

changes user


when you're planning not to use your computer for a while and want to activate it quickly... keeps open programs and data files in memory, but puts the computer into a low-power state


saves a record of the programs and files that you have open, but closes them before turning off the computer

executable file

A program file that can cause an application to run on your computer when it is opened.

data file

a collection of information to be merged with a form document

properties (file)

Properties file is always used to store the configuration data or settings.In simplest terms, properties files are nothing more than text files that contain name-value pairs, or rather key-message pairs.


abbreviation of a type of file, usually 3 letters, on the end of the fil name

wild card*

symbols, such as ? and *, replace the zero or additional characters in search words to improve search accuracy.


a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device

file synchronization

The process of keeping two sets of files updated so they are the same; used to synchronize file between a computer and PDA or backup device

restore point

the snapshot of the entire system's settings that Windows creates every time the computer is started, or when a new application or driver is installed

recovery disk

A CD that contains all the operating system files and application software necessary to restore a computer to its original state

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