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Music History Romantic Era
Terms in this set (43)
German composers composed lieder, chamber music, piano sonatas, and other small scale works that would escape censorship
German art songs, which came to be with the rise of German poetry, the availability of the piano, and idealization of domesticity and family.
Master of melody and text setting (Erlkönig)
Died at 31 of syphilis
Wrote mainly lieder, but some symphonies, piano sonatas, chamber music, and choral works
Wrote critical musical reviews
had alter egos
composed character pieces
Song structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza (strophe) of the poem.
Modified strophic form
song structure that combines elements of strophic and through composed forms; a variation of strophic form in which a section might have a new key, rhythm, or varied melodic pattern
a term used to describe music that exhibits no obvious repetitions or overt musical form from beginning to end
Cultural context of 19th century piano
Women were expected to play piano well
part of salon culture
piano as "everyman's orchestra" people could purchase score reductions
virtuosity was highly respected
Polish, but had a career in Paris
Wrote mostly solo piano works
Style is largely based on rubato
Types of Rubato
1. "stolen time" expressive and rhythmic freedom
2. rhythmic patterns based on dance types
3. "italianate" independent right and left hands (think Chopin)
Very popular and held in high regard
Studied in Vienna
Career in Paris, Geneva, Weimar and Rome
First internationally acclaimed American composer of art music. Music was influenced by roots in New Orleans
Musical example: The Banjo
Elements of Classical
Elegant, natural, simple, clear, formally closed, universally appealing
Elements of Romantic
Original, interesting, evocative, individual, expressive, and extreme. Influenced by nationalism.
roots in singspiel tradition, influenced by french opera, nationalistic features
Carl Maria von Weber
1786-1826 German opera composer
often contained plots from medieval history, supernatural beings, wilderness, and symbolic characters
opera composed by Weber. Music styles: simple folk tunes, or folk like. Stretched harmonic boundaries.
1792-1868 Extremely famous. Wrote 39 italian operas.
Bel canto- "beautiful singing", melodic, snappy rhythms, clear phrases, orchestra supports singers, never competes, harmonic schemes never complex, sometimes unique.
Rossini scene structure
orch. intro, recitative, catabile, tempo di mezzo (changes tempo, modulates may be transition, ensemble or chorus), cabaletta (fast)
19th Century Grand opera
sung throughout. performed at the opera. MAGNIFICENT opera houses. 5 acts (typically) medieval or modern plots. political tools.
grand opera composers
Rossini, Auber, Meyerbeer
Style Elements of Grand Opera
huge resources, wide range of formal styles and types, pageantry, spectacle.
absolute music vs. program music
"brahmsians" vs "wagnerians"
1809-1847 Symphonic composer. Wrote symphonies.
pianist and composer. wrote symphonic poems.
German composer who developed the Romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897) symphonic composer
Russian composer. Had strong rhythmic style, most music could be danced to. 19th century symphonic composer
19th century symphonic composer. , Austrian organist and composer of Romantic music (1824-1896)
19th century symphonic composer. wrote about the new world, Czech composer who combined folk elements with traditional forms (1841-1904)
Chamber music composers
Schubert, Mendelssohn, Hensel, Brahms.
1805-1847. Wrote piano trios, solo piano works, and lieder. Mendelssohn often published her works under his name so her work could be sold.
varying repeats of the music so that are are no two identical passages; trend made famous by Brahms
Balance of pros and amateurs. Performed madrigals. Performed in catches and glees.
Romanticism in choral work
music and words promoting religious and/or political ideas. nationalist.
Romantic choral genres
choral symphony and opera
1813-1883 Most important composer of German Opera. Created the genre "Music Drama". Demise of tonality. Music critic. Wrote about philosophy of music. Published an article about "Judaism in Music" (1850)
- French Grand Opera tradition.
Der fliegender Hollander (1843)
-In tradition of Weber
-Wrote own libretto
-Story is legend
-Theme: curse and salvation
These ideas continue throughout his career!!
-Continuous flow of music
-Tonal areas represent characters
Der Ring des Nibelungen
Tristan und Isolde (1857-59)
Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg (1862-67)
Der Ring des Nibelungen
Four operas connected by story line from Norse mythology
• Das Rheingold (1857)
• Die Walküre (1857)
• Siegfried (partially ﬁnished in 1857)
• Götterdämmerung (1874)
Translation: total, or "jointed" artwork
Definition: poetry, scenic design, staging, action, and music are one single, organic, dramatic idea.
Translation: "guiding motive"
Definition: a musical theme or motive associated with a particular person, thing, emotion, or idea in the drama.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Musical Movements in History with Musical Forms
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