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12 and 13
Terms in this set (39)
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
Central Business District (CBD) is the commercial (and sometimes cultural) heart of a city. It is dominated shops and offices many of which are found in tall skyscrapers.
central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
command and control centers
cities that have key corporate management, government, and financial and business services functions. For example, these cities have a high proportion of company headquarters where a large amount of corporate decision making is done and from where national and transnational business operations are controlled.
concentric zone model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
a continuous, extended urban area formed by the growing together of several formerly separate, expanding cities
the change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery
A term introduced by American journalist Joel Garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the united states away from the central business district (CBD) toward the loci of economic activity at the urban fringe (extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas, modern buildings, less than 30 years old)
A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment
mini edge city that is connected to another city by beltways or highways
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
The market area surrounding an urban center, which that urban center serves.
latin american city model
Large plaza in center with church (tallest building) as you go out from plaza it was grid roads. The further out, less wealthy it gets. "the spine": main transportation into city (large road). wealthy downtown and along spine. poorest on outer edge, called the "Flavelas"
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
An extensive concentration of urbanized settlement formed by a coalescence of several metropolitan areas. The term is commonly applied to the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the U.S. extending from Boston, MA to Washington, D.C.
Medical savings account. Created as a demonstration under BBA '97 and updated in the MMA, MSAs are specialized saving accounts into which a consumer can put pretax dollars for use in paying medical expenses in lieu of purchasing a comprehensive health insurance ir managed care product.
multiple nuclei model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs.
A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
A country's largest city-ranking atop the urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital as well.
Housing owned by the government; in the United States, it is rented to low-income residents, and the rents are set at 30 percent of the families' incomes.
Distance between highest and lowest scores in a set of data.
In a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy.
A discriminatory real estate practice in North America in which members of minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes or property in predominantly white neighborhoods. The practice derived its name from the red lines depicted on cadastral maps used by real estate agents and developers. Today, redlining is officially illegal.
housing maintained as result of the alternative to demolishing houses.
site in which dwellings are dispersed throughout the city rather than clustered in a large project.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
The level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse
A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
urban realms model
a simplified description of urban land use, especially descriptive of the modern North American city. it features a number of dispersed, peripheral centers of dynamic commercial and industrial activity linked by sophisticated urban transportation networks.
Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private members, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.
zone in transition
An area of mixed commercial and residential land uses surrounding the CBD.
dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing etc
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