12 terms

USII.9a - Civil Rights Movement

Plessy v Ferguson
Supreme Court case ruling that segregation was legal as long as there were "separate but equal" facilities.
Brown v Board of Education
Supreme Court decision that said "separate but equal" was unequal and that schools had to be desegregated
Montgomery Bus Boycott
organized protest against the segregated buses in Montgomery Alabama; African Americans refused to ride the buses until they were integrated
Rosa Parks
person who refused to give up bus seat to a white man thus sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott
organization formed in the early 1900's to fight for equal rights and voting rights for African Americans; very active in the Civil Rights Movement fighting for an end to segregation and discrimination
Martin Luther King
major leader of the Civil Rights Movement who urged the use of peaceful, non-violent methods of protest
Freedom Riders
Civil rights protestors who tried to integrate the segregated buses in the South
Civil Rights Act of 1964
law that prohibited discrimination because of a person's color, race, national origin, religion, or sex
Voting Rights Act of 1965
law that did away with literacy tests as a requirement for voting and gave federal officials the power to register voters in areas where local officials refused to do so
NOW (Nat'l Org. for Women)
organization formed to educate Americans about the unequal treatment of women and to work for the equality of women in pay, jobs, and political opportunities
Equal Rights Amendment
said that "equality under the law shall not be denied by the United States or by any state on account of sex"; passed by Congress but was 3 states short of the number needed for ratification
Title IX
Federal legislation to force colleges and universities to give women equal athletic opportunities