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between the vertebrae, meniscus in a knee joint, most effective at resisting compression
forms the walls of the voice box (larynx), articular cartilages, connects the ribs to the sternum
nonliving, structural part of bone, inorganic salts deposited in organic ground substance
shoulder girdle bone that articulates anteriorly with the sternum, commonly called the collarbone
medial bone of the forearm in anatomical position, forearm bone involved in formation of elbow joint
pubic arch is less than 90 degrees, heart shaped inlet of true pelvis, more curved sacrum
pubic arch is greater than 90 degrees, more round heart shaped inlet of true pelvis, less curved sacrum
arches of the foot
bones are arranged to form 3: ligaments, tendons, and bone, 2 longitudinal and 1 transverse
repair of bone fractures
1. Hemotoma is formed (blood vessels ruptured)
2. Break is splinted by fibrocartilage to form a callus
3. Fibrocartilage callus is replaced by a bony callus (osteoblasts and osteoclasts)
4. Bony callus is remodeled to form a permanent patch
forms the longitudinal part of the body, divided into three parts: skull, vertebral column, bony thorax
hollow portions of bones surrounding the nasal cavity, lighten the skull, give resonance and amplification to the voice
the only bone that does not articulate with another bone, serves as a movable base for the tongue, moves larynx (voice box)
fibrous membranes connecting the cranial bones in a fetal skull, allow the brain to grow, convert to bone within 24 months after birth
pectoral (shoulder) girdle
composed of two bones: clavicle (colar bone, attaches to sternum), scapula (shoulder blade), allow the uper limbs to have exceptionally free movement
covers epiphysis, thin hyaline cartilage layer that covers epiphyses of bones in synovial joints
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