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27 terms

Medival Europe Vocabulary

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feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
knight
originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry
serf
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
Charlemagne
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
manor
the mansion of the lord of the manor
hierarchy
a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges
monastery
A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world
excomunicate
to declare that a person of group no longer belongs to a church.
Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor, opposed the pope on the issue of lay investiture, he is excommunicated and ends up begging the pope for forgiveness
mendicants
a religious person who relies on begging and charity to survive
guild
an organization of people in the same craft or trade
journeyman
a person who finds work day to day instead of owning a business
heretic
a person who goes against the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church (example:Jewish people)
lord
a ruler or powerful landowner
peasant
in feudalism, a person who worked the land
Clovis
king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy
Roman Catholic Church
the Christian church headed by the pope in Rome
chivalry
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
clergy
the body of people, such as priests who perfonm the sacred functions of a church
Pope Gregory VII
in A.D. 1075 he outlawed lay investiture (church officials being chosen by kings)
sacrament
a solemn rite of Christian churches
charter
a written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people, or organization
apprentice
a person who works for an expert in a trade of craft in return for training
bubonic plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
Hundred Year's War
a series of wars fought by France and England between 1337 and 1453
King John
the youngest son of Henry II
Joan of Arc
French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king