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a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service


originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry


(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord


king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor


the mansion of the lord of the manor


a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges


A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world


to declare that a person of group no longer belongs to a church.

Henry IV

Holy Roman Emperor, opposed the pope on the issue of lay investiture, he is excommunicated and ends up begging the pope for forgiveness


a religious person who relies on begging and charity to survive


an organization of people in the same craft or trade


a person who finds work day to day instead of owning a business


a person who goes against the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church (example:Jewish people)


a ruler or powerful landowner


in feudalism, a person who worked the land


king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy

Roman Catholic Church

the Christian church headed by the pope in Rome


the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women


the body of people, such as priests who perfonm the sacred functions of a church

Pope Gregory VII

in A.D. 1075 he outlawed lay investiture (church officials being chosen by kings)


a solemn rite of Christian churches


a written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people, or organization


a person who works for an expert in a trade of craft in return for training

bubonic plague

Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people

Hundred Year's War

a series of wars fought by France and England between 1337 and 1453

King John

the youngest son of Henry II

Joan of Arc

French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king

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