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Terms in this set (11)
What are the ABCDE toxins?
toxins encoded by lysogenic bacteriophages... shigA, Botulinum, Cholera, Diptheria, Eryythrogenic toxin of S. pyogenes
what is the herd immunity threshold?
the proportion of immune individuals above which a disease may no longer persist within the population
what are koch's postulates?
causal organism must be isolated, grown in pure culture, cause disease in a healthy inoculated animal, and be recovered from that animal
how can pathogenicity islands be distinguished?
high GC content
what is the difference between genomic islands and pathogenicity islands?
genomic islands aren't just virulence factors but anything that gives the cell a fitness advantage
where are genomic islands often inserted?
do pathogenicity islands move themselves?
naw bro they hi jack phage or move by conjugation
what are toxins, adhesins, invasins, internalins, and capsules all examples of?
is endotoxin heat stable?
is the pope catholic?
does endotoxin cause edema and recruitment of TNF-alpha, neurtrophils, and IL-1?
what's the term for a microbial component recognized by host innate surveillance molecules or receptors (like TLR4)
PAMP (LPS is an example... so are peptidoglycan, flagella, and lipopeptides)
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