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Terms in this set (22)
The repetition of a consonant sound especially at the beginning of two or more words near each other.
Example: " a page of prancing poetry"
A subtle reference to a well known story.
Example: Steinbeck's title Of Mice and Men makes an allusion to a poem by Robert Burns
The close placement within a line of the same or similar vowel sounds.
Example: We walked along the alleyway.
The suggestion of a meaning by a word beyond its dictionary definition (denotation).
Example: The words cheap and frugal differ in connotation. Both mean the same, but frugal has more positive connotations. A person who is frugal may be wise, but a person who is cheap may lack wisdom.
The literal dictionary meaning of a word.
Words that create vivid, concrete pictures.
Example: "A full moon stage-lit the desert and revealed a troupe of saguaro cactuses. That were strangely human, their thick arms gesturing, each in the midst of a silent soliloquy."
This example also contains personification, metaphor, and alliteration. Images are often used to create symbols.
Figurative language in which the writer or speaker means something other that what is said.
Example: "I love homework," the student said rolling her eyes.
Irony can also be a situation in which the outcome is different than what one might normally expect. The short story, "The Monkey's Paw" has a number of examples of irony. The picture I showed you of firefighters fighting a fire at a firehouse is an ironic image.
Overstatement or exaggeration.
Example: "The textbooks say a wolf can run twenty-five miles an hour, but this one did not appear to be running so much as flying low."
A comparison that is made literally without pointing out a similarity by using words such as as or like.
Example: "Hope is the thing with feathers/ That perches in the soul..."
The regular rise and fall of sounds; the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables within lines of poetry. In its most obvious form, it creates that joyful up and down, anticipatory feeling a child gets when an adult reads aloud Dr. Seuss.
Example: "Whose woods these are I think I know. / His house is in the village though..."
A type of metaphor in which human form or characteristics are given to animals objects or ideas.
Example: "This hills untied their bonnets.."
Speech or writing that is not poetry.
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words.
A comparison made with "as", "like" or "than".
Example: "The news like squirrels ran."
The voice of the poem, but not necessarily the poet's voice.
how we interpret the writer's attitude toward the poem's subject. When we speak, we can vary our tone of voice. So to can a writer vary his or her tone of writing.
Example: The writer's tone is angry (or ironic, or humorous..)
Speech or writing that is poetry
An object or image that reveals or signifies some abstract idea.
Example: In the book Whirligig, Brent's whirligig's symbolized different things to other characters. For example: To Flaco a whirligig symbolized working together as a team. To Alexandra, it symbolized unseen forces.
a unit in a poem that is repeated in the same way or similar form. It is similar to what a paragraph looks like in prose, but a stanza is not necessarily a unit of thought in the way that a paragraph is.
a generalization regarding human experience that one can derive from a work of literature.
Example: A theme from Of Mice and Men is that people need companionship.
language in which writers and speakers intend something other than the literal meaning of their words.
Examples: metaphor, simile, irony, symbolism, etc.
The use of words that try to mimic their meaning with their sound.
Example: Chickadee, Phoebe, Killdear, splash, bang.
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