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Terms in this set (21)
English for Aria. Song or simple melody.
In a Fugue, after the subject is played, the same tune appears in another voice or part in the dominant (5th higher or 4th lower).
Short, sacred choral piece sung in English.
Ornament: Sounds like a leaning note. It takes half the value of the main note which follows it.
A type of Madrigal in strophic form and contains the refrain fa-la-la-la at the end of the verse.
Notes and chords which create the end of a musical phrase.
A small group of instruments of the same family playing together, e.g a consort of viols. Usually this term applies to Renaissance music.
This is name for the music in a fugue which after the subject or answer is played, is continuatued on that same instrument or voice.
A contrapuntal piece based on a theme (subject) announced in one part alone, then imitated by other voices in close succession.
A Renaissance court dance which follows a pavan. It is quick and lively with 3 beats in the bar.
A rhythmic device giving the impression of a piece of music changing from duple (2) to triple (3) time, or vice versa. Sometimes placed at the end of a piece to act as a kind of rallentando.
In Renaissance era, this was a non-religious work, polyphonic in style, using imitation. Features include English text, word painting, through-composed music and usually acapella.
In the Renaissance era this was a sacred choral work with Latin text and polyphonic texture. It was usually sung A cappella.
From about 1929 onwards this style emerged as composers reacted against Romanticism and wanted to return to the structures and styles of earlier periods but combined with dissonant, tonal and even atonal harmonies. The composers started to write for smaller orchestras.
A Renaissance court dance linked with the Galliard. It is slow and stately with two beats in the bar.
Rebirth of interest in classical times of the distant past. In music, the word refers to the style of music from the period from about 1450 to 1600, i.e. between Medieval and Baroque.
A 20th-century method of musical composition invented by Schoenberg in which the twelve notes of the Chromatic scale are organised into a series or tone row. This row can be transposed, inverted or played in retrograde, and forms the material basis for an entire work or movement.
A technique used in vocal music where the singer is required to use the voice in an expressive manner half-way between singing and speaking in German. It appears in a number of pieces by Schoenberg and Berg (early 20th century).
Where voices or instruments enter very quickly one after the other, as in Fugue. Each entry or part enters closely after the previous part, thus adding tension and excitement.
Four notes which turn round the main note with the note above, the main note, the note below, and the main note again. An inverted turn starts with the note below reversing the process.
Voice: Counter Tenor
A male adult voice whose range is higher than a tenor's. The strong and pure tone is produced by resonances mainly in the head. This type of voice was very popular until the end of the 18th century.
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