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138 terms

Latin roots/English 154-169

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Abrupt
1.) broken off; lacking in continuity; steep
2.) sudden; quick and unexpected
Corrupt (adj.)
changed from good to bad; vicious
Corrupt (v)
change from good to bad, debase, pervert, falsify
Disrupt
break apart, cause disorder
Erupt
burst or break out
incorruptible
inflexibly honest, incapable of being corrupted or bribed
interrupt
break into or between, hinder, stop
rupture
1.) break, breaking
2.) hostility
bactericide
substance that kills bacteria
Biocide
substance that destroys many different organisms
Fratricide
act of killing (or killer of) one's brother
Fungicide
substance that kills fungi or inhibits their growth
Genocide
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
germicide
substance that kills germs
herbicide
substance that kills plants
Homicide
killing of one human by another
infanticide
act of killing (or killer of) an infant
insecticide
substance that kills insects
matricide
act of killing (or killer of) one's mother
Patricide
act of killing or killer of one's father
Pesticide
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria, etc.
Regicide
act of killing or killer of a king
Sororicide
act of killing or killer of one's sister
suicide
act of killing or killer of one's self
tyrannicide
act of killing or killer of a tyrant
astringent (adj)
1.) drawing (the tissues) tightly together (e.g to check bleeding)
2.) stern, austere
Astringent (n)
substance that shrinks the tissues and checks flow of blood
Boa constrictor
snake that crushes its prey in its coils
Constrict
draw together, render narrower, shrink (ant. = expand)
restrict
keep within limits, confine
Stricture
1.) adverse criticism, censure
2.) restriction
stringent
strict, rigid, severe
unrestricted
1.) not confined within bounds, free
2.) open to all
carnivore
flesh-eating animal
carnivorous
flesh-eating
devour
1.) eat greedily or ravenously
2.) seize upon and destroy
Frugivorous
feeding on fruit
Herbivore
plant-eating animal
Herbivorous
dependent on plants as food
Insectivorous
dependent on insects as food
omnivore
person or animal that eats everything, both flesh and plants
omnivorous
1.) eating everything, both plant and animal substances
2.) avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
Voracious
1.) greedy in eating
2.) insatiable, as a voracious appetite
Convivial
fond of eating and drinking with friends, sociable, jovial, hospitable (ant. = taciturn/stolid)
Revive
bring back to life, restore
survive
remain alive after, outlive (ant. = perish)
Vivacious
lively in temper or conduct (ant. = languid)
Vivacity
liveliness of spirit
vivid
1.) (used with things) having the vigor and spirit of life
2.) sharp and clear, graphic
vivify
enliven, make vivid
Vivisection
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
contortionist
person who can twist his or her body into odd postures
distort
1.) twist out of shape, contort
2.) twist out of the true meaning, misrepresent, pervert, falsify
Extort
wrest (money, promises, etc.) from a person by force
Retort
quick, witty, or cutting reply
torsion
act of twisting, stress due to twisting forces exerted on body
tortuous
1.) full of twists or curves, winding (as in tortuous road)
2.) tricky, crooked, circuitous
Torture (v)
1.) wrench, twist
2.) inflict severe pain upon
Torture (n)
anguish of body or mind, agony
Convict (v)
prove guilty, show conclusively to be guilty
Convict (n)
person serving a prison sentence
Conviction
1.) state of having been judged guilty of an offense
2.) strong belief
Convince
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
Evict
1.) expel by legal process (evict a tenant)
2.) oust
Evince
Show clearly, disclose, reveal
Invincible
incapable of being conquered
vanquish
overcome in battle, conquer, defeat
victor
winner, conqueror
Fraction
one or more of the equal parts of a whole, fragment
fractious
apt to break out into a passion, cross, irritable (ant. = peaceable)
Fracture
1.) break or crack
2.) breaking of a bone
Fragile
easily broken, frail, delicate
Fragment
part broken off
infraction
the act of breaking , breach, violation, as in infraction of law
refract
bend from a straight path
Refractory
resisting, intractable, hard to manage, as a refractory mule (ant. = malleable, tractable, adaptable)
Omnibus (adj.)
covering many things at once, as an omnibus bill
Omnibus (n)
1.) bus
2.) book containing a variety of books by one author
Omnifarious
of all varieties, forms, or kinds
omnific
all-creating
Omnipotent
unlimited in power, almighty
omnipresent
present everywhere at the same time, ubiquitous
omniscient
knowing everything
Deflect
turn aside
flex
bend, as to flex a limb
flexible
pliable, not rigid, tractable, capable of being bent
Flexor
muscle that serves to bend a limb
genuflect
bend the knee, touch the right knee to the ground, as in worship
Inflection
change, bend, in the pitch or tone of a person's voice
Inflexibility
rigidity, firmness
reflect
1.) throw (bend) back light rays, as from a mirror
2.) think
reflex
involuntary response to a stimulus
Detention
act of keeping back or detaining
impertinent
1.) irrelevant, not pertinent, inappropriate
2.) rude
pertinacious
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion, very persistent
pertinent
having to do with matter at hand, relevant
retentive
tenacious, able to retain or remember
retinue
group of followers or assistants attending a distinguished person
Tenacity
firmness in holding fast, persistence
Tenancy
period of tenant's temporary holding of real estate
tenet
principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true
Tenure
1.) period for which an office or position is held
2.) status assuring an employee a permanent position
untenable
incapable of being held or defended
Admonish
warn of a fault, reprove, rebuke
Admonition
gentle reproof, counseling against a fault/error
Admonitory
conveying gentle reproof
Monitor (n)
person or device that keeps track of , checks, or warns
Monitor (v)
to keep track of, regulate, control the operation of machine/process
Monument
means of reminding us of a person or event
Premonition
forewarning, intuitive anticipation of coming event
premonitory
conveying a forewarning
countermand
issue a contrary order
mandate
1.) authoritative command
2.) territory administered by a trustee (supervisory nation)
mandatory
obligatory, required by command
remand
send back, recommit, as to a prison
Writ of mandamus
written order from a court to enforce the performance of some public duty
accredited
officially authorized or recognized, provided with credentials
credence
belief as to the truth of something
credentials
documents, letters, references, that inspire belief or trust
credible
believable (ant. = incredible)
Credit
belief, faith, trust
Credulous
too ready to believe, easily deceived (ant. = incredulous, skeptical)
creed/credo
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
discredit (v)
1.) cast doubt upon, refuse to believe
2.) take trust or credit away from, disgrace
Discredit (n)
loss of belief or trust, damage to one's reputation, disgrace
incredible
not believable
incredulity
disbelief
affidavit
sworn written statement made before authorized official
Bona fide
made or carried out in good faith, genuine
Confidant (confidante if woman)
one to whom secrets are entrusted
confident
having faith in oneself, self reliant, sure (ant. = apprehensive, diffident)
Confidential
communicated in trust, secret, private
Diffident
lacking self-confidence, unduly timid, shy
Fidelity
1.) faithfulness to a trust or vow (ant. = perfidy)
2.) accuracy, faithfulness of sound reproduction
Fiduciary
1.) held in trust ( fiduciary property)
2.) confidential ( fiduciary duties of a trustee)
infidel
one who does not accept a particular faith, unbeliever
Perfidious
false to a trust, faithless, treacherous
Perfidy
violation of a trust: treachery, faithlessness, disloyalty (antonym = fidelity/fealty)