14 terms

Room 27 Mogadore Geographic Terms

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equator
Most important line of latitude
0 degrees
Divides Northern and Southern Hemisphere
Prime Meridian
Most important line of longitude
0 degrees
Divides eastern and western hemisphere
GPS
Global Positioning System, Uses satellite to provide location and information
northern hemisphere
Includes the half of the earth that is north of the equator
globe
3 dimensional map of earth's surface
longitude
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
latitude
Distance north or south of the equator
absolute location
The exact position of an object or place, measured within the spatial coordinates of a grid system.
relative location
The position of a place in relation to another place
southern hemisphere
Includes the half of the earth that is south of the equator
eastern hemisphere
Includes the half of the earth that is east of the Prime Meridian (including Africa, Europe and Asia)
western hemisphere
Includes the half of the earth that is west of the Prime Meridian (including North and South America)
grid
The pattern of lines circling the globe in east-west and north-south directions
coordinates
The latitude and longitude address of a place on a map