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POETRY UNIT VOCABULARY

STUDY
PLAY
figurative language
words that are not meant to be interpreted literally; comparing or exaggerating for dramatic effect
onomatopoeia
words whose sounds suggest their meaning or action (bang, boom, pow, pop)
simile
comparison of two things using "like" or "as" (She runs like a cheetah on the track!)
metaphor
comparison of two things WITHOUT using "like" or "as" (He is a fish in water.)
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration (I have a million things to do!)
personification
giving human characteristics to animals or nonliving things
alliteration
a series of words beginning with the same consonant sound (Sally swam to the sea.)
main idea
central idea; what a text is mostly about
tone
author's attitude toward a subject (serious, sarcastic, humorous, etc.)
speaker
the narrator in a poem is called this
text structure
how a text is organized; poems are organized in lines and stanzas
rhyme
words with the same ending sound (take, bake, make, flake)
repetition
repeating a word or phrase within a text to EMPHASIZE important ideas
mood
the reader's feeling in response to the text
dialect
how people speak, depending on where they live or come from and/or their culture
analogy
comparison of things (Mrs. Mullen: math:: Mrs. Sugg: science)
theme
the author's universal message about life; the lesson to be learned from reading a story or poem
imagery
words that paint a picture in the minds of readers; words that appeal to our five senses