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13 terms

KMHS Chapt 9 Obstetrics/Neonatology pg 371-374

Pgs 371-374 Obstetric Disease and Disorder Terms
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amnionitis
inflammation of the amnion
chorioamnionitis
inflammation of the chorion and amnion
choriocarcinoma
cancerous tumor of the chorion
dystocia
difficult labor
hysterorrhexis
rupture of the uterus
oligohydramnios
scanty amnion water (less than the normal amount fo amniotic fluid)
polyhydramnios
much amnion water (more than the normal amount of amniotic fluid, 2000 ml or more - also called hydramnios
abortion
termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus of an embryo before fetal viability, usually before 20 weeks of gestation
abruptio placentae
premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
eclampsia
severe complication and progression of pre-eclampsia characterized by convulsion and coma. Eclampsia is a potentially life-threatening disorder.
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy occurring outside the uterus, commonly in the uterine tubes
placenta previa
abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall. (Dilation of the cervix can cause separation of the placenta from the uterine wall, resulting in bleeding. With severe hemmorrhage, a cesarean secton may be necessary to save the mother's life)
preeclampsia
abnormal condition encountered during pregnancy or shortly after deliviery characterized by high blood pressure, edema, and proteinuria, butwith no convulsions or coma. The cause is unknown; if not scucessfully treated, the condigino will progress to eclampsia. Eclampsia is the third most common cause of maternal death in the United States after hemorrhape and infection.