12 Angry Men - Legal Vocab
Terms in this set (26)
Innocent Until Proven Guilty
Rule that it is the state's responsibility to prove guilt (because defendant is assumed to be innocent); the suspect does not have to prove innocence.
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Rule that jurors can only find the defendant guilty if they are convinced 100% of his or her guilt, leaving no room for doubt of the defendant's innocence.
Rule that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime (even if evidence arises later that proves that person is guilty).
Burden of Proof
The duty of the prosecution to prove the facts necessary to win their case
The person who has been accused of doing something illegal (innocent until proven guilty).
The lawyer who tries to prove innocence of the defendant.
The lawyer who tries to prove the guilt of the defendant (represents the state).
Someone who tells what they saw or what they know about a crime in a court of law.
A group of twelve people who listen to details of a case in court and decide if someone is guilty. (Juror=single member of a jury)
A juror chosen to lead a jury and deliver the verdict to the judge
A jury which cannot reach a unanimous verdict, a hung jury would require a retrial.
To find the defendant innocent.
To find the defendant guilty of the crime.
To question a witness who has already testified for the opposite side.
To consider or discuss carefully.
The act of lying under oath in court.
To plan or plot (a crime) in advance.
Take/Plead the Fifth
To refuse to testify when doing so might incriminate that witness in a crime (based on the 14th Amendment which states that a person cannot be forced to testify against himself).
An excuse used by the defendant to prove he/she was elsewhere when the crime was committed.
The formal statement/story provided by a witness in a court of law.
A legal process in which a court of law examines a case.
The final decision made by a jury about whether or not someone is guilty
The killing of one person by another
First Degree Murder
The most serious type of murder in which someone deliberately kills someone else (premeditated murder).
Second Degree Murder
1) intentional killing that is neither planned nor committed in a "heat of passion" or 2) a killing caused by dangerous conduct and the offender's obvious lack of concern for human life.
Unlawful killing of a person, without hatred or premeditation (usually considered less serious than murder); involuntary manslaughter is committed in the "heat of passion," such as getting into a spontaneous fight in which one person is killed by a strong punch.